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All Publications By Date

43 Publications Found in 2017

Added November 14, 2017
Type: Monograph
Armed Robotic Systems Emergence: Weapons Systems Life Cycles Analysis and New Strategic Realities
Authored by Dr. Robert J. Bunker.
View the Executive Summary

This monograph analyzes the historical weapons systems life cycles of the early 9th through the mid-16th-century knight, the mid-19th through the later 20th-century battleship, and the early 20th through the early 21st-century tank. Next, it applies the knowledge gained to provide strategic context and governmental guidance concerning the emergence of armed robotic systems—drones and droids—on the modern battlefield.
Added November 02, 2017
Type: Monograph
Evaluation of the 2015 DoD Cyber Strategy: Mild Progress in a Complex and Dynamic Military Domain
Authored by Mr. Jeffrey L. Caton.
View the Executive Summary

In April 2015, the Department of Defense (DoD) released its second official strategy for cyberspace. How does the new strategy compare to the 2011 Strategy for Operating in Cyberspace? Does it provide an appropriate and actionable path forward for military operations in the rapidly evolving cyberspace domain?
Added November 01, 2017
Type: Monograph
Terrorist Sanctuary in the Sahara: A Case Study
Authored by Lieutenant Colonel Joseph Guido.
View the Executive Summary

Nuclear weapons, great state competition, and belligerence have refocused American strategy to view military operations in undeveloped and largely ungoverned areas, such as Africa, as economy of force efforts. Lieutenant Colonel Joseph Guido suggests what such economy of force efforts to control terrorist sanctuary would look like, and the key considerations to achieve success against these terrorist groups in his detailed study of one of the most notorious al-Qaeda leaders of all time who finds refuge in the middle of the world’s largest desert—perhaps the greatest sanctuary of all.
Added October 26, 2017
Type: Monograph
Closer Than You Think: The Implications of the Third Offset Strategy for the U.S. Army
Edited by Samuel R. White, Jr..
View the Executive Summary

The implications of the Third Offset for the Army should not be dismissed. These technologies have the potential to change the character of conflict and they require deliberateness. They are coming, and in many cases are already here—it is inevitable. How the Army approaches the Third Offset over the upcoming few years will set the stage for the next 30 years.
Added October 10, 2017
Type: Letort Papers
A Typology of Arguments about Drone Ethics
Authored by Dr. Mary Manjikian.
View the Executive Summary

Many different actors oppose the use of unmanned autonomous weapons (UAV’s) from adversary states, to international governmental organizations to policymakers and academics. However, the basis for their opposition varies, as do the assumptions behind their arguments. This Letort Paper lays out distinctions between arguments about technology, arguments about policy, and arguments about strategy.
Added September 28, 2017
Type: Monograph
Toward a NATO of the Gulf? The Challenges of Collective Defense Within the GCC
Authored by Dr. Jean-Loup Samaan.
View the Executive Summary

Although collective security in the Gulf is the topic of numerous policy publications, most of the available literature focuses on the political environment without considering the operational requirements of this scenario. This monograph offers an evaluation of Gulf defense cooperation programs in order to stir the discussion on the future of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) as the “NATO of the Gulf.”
Added September 14, 2017
Type: Monograph
Strategic Landscape, 2050: Preparing the U.S. Military for New Era Dynamics
Authored by Mr. Roman Muzalevsky.
View the Executive Summary

A series of megatrends will present a major challenge to the United States in the coming decades, exposing it to crises and opportunities on the battlefield and in the market. The U.S. military should stand ready to harness these dynamics to retain its edge in an operational environment marked by increased complexity, speed, and intensity of global developments.
Added September 11, 2017
Type: Monograph
The Clash of the Trinities: A New Theoretical Analysis of the General Nature of War
Authored by Major Daniel Maurer.
View the Executive Summary

This monograph reimagines war’s fundamental nature, extending Clausewitz’s theory of its political origin and “trinitarian” elements in a way that embraces alternative, sociological explanations like that of John Keegan. Ultimately, it proposes a new way to visualize the complexities of war’s intrinsic elements, operating at any scale, and expresses war with a completely new and universal definition.
Added August 29, 2017
Type: Book
Building Partner Capacity in Africa: Keys to Success
Edited by Dr. Frank L. Jones.
View the Executive Summary

This book examines the implications for building partner capacity in Africa based on reform initiatives in the fiscal year (FY) 2017 National Defense Authorization Act. The legislation enacts sweeping changes to how the Defense Department (DoD), including the Army, conducts security cooperation activities. The study assesses this legislation’s impact on U.S. defense interests in Africa and recommends ways for the DoD to address these reform initiatives for the region, and in some cases, serve as a model for other regions.
Added August 25, 2017
Type: Monograph
Rotational Deployments vs. Forward Stationing: How Can the Army Achieve Assurance and Deterrence Efficiently and Effectively?
Authored by Dr. John R. Deni.
View the Executive Summary

The Department of Defense can achieve deterrence and assurance objectives more effectively and efficiently through a rebalancing of its force posture. The Army should reverse the trend of the last 2 decades and forward station additional heavy units in Europe and on the Korean Peninsula, while ending lengthy, heel-to-toe rotational noncombat deployments.
Added August 17, 2017
Type: Article
Strategic Insights: Lost in Translation
Authored by Dr. M. Chris Mason.
Added July 26, 2017
Type: Monograph
What Should the U.S. Army Learn From History? Recovery From a Strategy Deficit
Authored by Dr. Colin S. Gray.
View the Executive Summary

Although history does not repeat itself in detail, it certainly does so roughly in parallel circumstances. Of course, much detail differs from one historical case to another, but nonetheless, there are commonly broad and possibly instructive parallels that can be drawn from virtually every period of history, concerning most circumstances.
Added July 24, 2017
Type: Other
The Army War College Review Vol. 3, No. 1
Edited by Dr. Larry D Miller.
The Army War College Review, a refereed publication of student work, is produced under the purview of the Strategic Studies Institute and the United States Army War College. An electronic quarterly, The AWC Review connects student intellectual work with professionals invested in U.S. national security, Landpower, strategic leadership, global security studies, and the advancement of the profession of arms.
Added July 19, 2017
Type: Article
Strategic Insights: U.S.-China Relations: Avoiding the Traps
Authored by Professor John F. Troxell.
Added July 13, 2017
Type: Letort Papers
Ends, Means, Ideology, and Pride: Why the Axis Lost and What We Can Learn from Its Defeat
Authored by Dr. Jeffrey Record.
View the Executive Summary

Axis defeat in World War II often is attributed to its material inferiority against Great Britain, the United States, and the Soviet Union. However, was strategic incompetence also a root cause? Did not Germany, Italy, and Japan also pursue territorial objectives that were simply beyond their power?
Added July 07, 2017
Type: Monograph
U.S. Landpower in the South China Sea
Authored by Lieutenant Colonel Clarence J. Bouchat (USAF, Ret.).
View the Executive Summary

Think that the use of landpower in the South China Sea is an oxymoron? Think again! Modern and future landpower capability is essential for U.S. security interests in the region through engaging partners and competitors, deterrence via forward presence and peacetime operations, and when necessary to fight and win employing maneuver and wide area defense—along with the essential support that enables the air and sea services and other government organizations in this pivotal semi-enclosed maritime environment.
Added July 03, 2017
Type: Monograph
2017-18 Key Strategic Issues List
Edited by COL Todd E. Key.
Updated 11/15

For your reference, we provide the U.S. Army War College's Key Strategic Issues List (KSIL) for academic year 2018. The KSIL informs students, faculty, and external research associates of strategic topics requiring research and analysis.
Added June 29, 2017
Type: Monograph
At Our Own Peril: DoD Risk Assessment in a Post-Primacy World
Authored by Mr. Nathan P. Freier, Colonel (Ret.) Christopher M. Bado, Dr. Christopher J. Bolan, Colonel (Ret.) Robert S. Hume, Colonel J. Matthew Lissner.
View the Executive Summary

At Our Own Peril is the product of a year-long U.S. Army War College (USAWC) research effort focused on a single simple question: How should the Department of Defense (DoD) adapt its current risk identification and assessment conventions to accommodate an environment defined by persistent, disruptive change? Sponsored by Army G-3/5 (Strategy, Plans, and Policy Directorate), the Joint Staff, J-5 (Strategy Development Division), and the Office of the Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Strategy and Force Development, the report recommends adoption of a post-primacy risk concept and its four governing principles of diversity, dynamism, persistent dialogue, and adaptation. The report adds significant texture and value to this summer’s strategy development debates.
Added June 27, 2017
Type: Monograph
Transforming the Force: The 11th Air Assault Division (Test) from 1963 to 1965
Authored by Brigadier General Thomas C. Graves.
View the Executive Summary

In this revised monograph originally written in the Spring of 2000, then-Major Thomas Graves explores the development of air assault doctrine, tactics, and procedures that would later be used with great effect during the Vietnam War. Now Brigadier General Graves revisits this study as an example that still applies to the integration of technology into today’s modern U.S. Army.
Added June 15, 2017
Type: Monograph
Cyber Infrastructure Protection: Vol. III
Edited by Dr. Tarek N. Saadawi, LTC John D. Colwell, Jr.
View the Executive Summary

This book is a follow-on to our two earlier books published in 2011 and 2013, and represents an updated and well-informed view at the wide spectrum of cybersecurity. Experts in the field provide an integrated and comprehensive look at the various forms of cyber infrastructure protection (CIP).
Added June 09, 2017
Type: Article
Strategic Insights: Speed Kills—Enter an Age of Unbridled Hyperconnectivity
Authored by Mr. Nathan P. Freier.
Added June 07, 2017
Type: Monograph
Promoting U.S.-Indian Defense Cooperation: Opportunities and Obstacles
Authored by Dr. Richard Weitz.
View the Executive Summary

The United States and India have developed a dynamic multifaceted relationship with regular military exercises, defense-industrial collaboration, and other joint security projects. Their ties are mutually advantageous, helping both countries realize their core national security objectives. Yet, the relationship needs further development to achieve its full potential.
Added June 06, 2017
Type: Letort Papers
Corruption, Legitimacy, and Stability: Implications for the U.S. Army
Authored by Dr. Shima D. Keene.
View the Executive Summary

This Letort Paper provides a comprehensive assessment of the relationship between corruption, legitimacy, and stability in fragile states, and explores what must be done by the U.S. Army to counter these issues that directly impact its operational effectiveness.
Added May 31, 2017
Type: Letort Papers
21st-Century Challenges of Command: A View from the Field
Authored by Dr. Anna Simons.
View the Executive Summary

This Letort Paper examines challenges that confront 21st-century commanders—particularly at the O-4 through O-6 levels. Observations are drawn from special operations force (SOF) experiences in Afghanistan, but apply more broadly and lead to several conclusions about the Army’s surprising under-utilization of hierarchy.
Added May 26, 2017
Type: Monograph
Can Egypt Lead the Arab World Again? Assessing Opportunities and Challenges for U.S. Policy
Authored by Mr. Gregory Aftandilian.
View the Executive Summary

This monograph examines the potential for Egypt to lead the Arab world again, and what that role would mean for U.S. foreign and security policy and cooperation in the region. Although Egypt is currently looking inward as it deals with domestic economic and political issues, it has encountered such problems before and has recovered from them, leading Egypt to reassert a prominent role in regional affairs.
Added May 25, 2017
Type: Letort Papers
The Turning Point for Russian Foreign Policy
Authored by Mr. Keir Giles.
View the Executive Summary

Russia’s military interventions in Ukraine and Syria were responses to what Moscow perceived as direct and immediate security challenges to Russia. This Letort Paper analyzes the roots of this Russian assessment and of Russia’s new assertiveness and confidence in foreign policy.
Added May 16, 2017
Type: Article
Strategic Insights: Caribbean Security Issues
Authored by Dr. R. Evan Ellis.
Added April 21, 2017
Type: Monograph
Social Media—The Vital Ground: Can We Hold It?
Authored by Ian Tunnicliffe, Dr. Steve Tatham.
View the Executive Summary

Social media may barely be 12 years old, but it has had a dramatic effect on the way that a military does its business. However, just how well equipped is the United States for social media engagement? This Letort Paper provides an overview of what social media is, or is not, and how it may be more efficiently harnessed by the U.S. Army.
Added April 11, 2017
Type: Article
Strategic Insights: Strategic Questions Loom Large for President Trump in the Middle East
Authored by Dr. Christopher J. Bolan.
Added April 04, 2017
Type: Article
Strategic Insights: Getting Comfortable with Conflicting Ideas
Authored by Prof. William G. Braun, III.
Added April 03, 2017
Type: Letort Papers
Antiquities Destruction and Illicit Sales as Sources of ISIS Funding and Propaganda
Authored by Dr. W. Andrew Terrill.
View the Executive Summary

The Islamic State of Iraq and al-Sham (ISIS) has moved to destroy or loot world heritage sites throughout the area under its control. While this effort is usually understood as a towering crime against art and culture, the strategic and military implications of comprehensive antiquities looting and ISIS propaganda about antiquities are also important and are considered throughout this Letort Paper. In particular, funding from the illicit sales of antiquities (and high quality fakes) is increasingly important to ISIS's survival and effectiveness as other sources of revenue are disrupted or eliminated.
Added March 22, 2017
Type: Monograph
Project 1721: A U.S. Army War College Assessment on Russian Strategy in Eastern Europe and Recommendations on How to Leverage Landpower to Maintain the Peace
Edited by Colonel Douglas V. Mastriano.
View the Executive Summary

Russia changed the strategic calculus in Europe with the 2014 Russian seizure of Crimea and its ongoing war against Ukraine. Compounding the dilemma of an aggressive Moscow is the application of ambiguity to create a cloak of uncertainty that prevents a decisive response to counter its destabilizing activities. However, this application of ambiguity is easily defeated, if the United States together with the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) are willing to take action now to deter further Russian aggression.
Added March 13, 2017
Type: Monograph
Indian and Chinese Engagement in Latin America and the Caribbean: A Comparative Assessment
Authored by Dr. R. Evan Ellis.
View the Executive Summary

This monograph compares Chinese and Indian activities in Latin America and the Caribbean with respect to diplomatic and military engagement and commerce. It finds that Indian engagement with the region is significantly less than that of the People’s Republic of China (PRC), and is concentrated in a narrower subset of countries and sectors, yet the nature of Indian engagement with the region creates opportunities for significant advances in the future.
Added March 09, 2017
Type: Article
Strategic Insights: Is the European Union Really That Important to U.S. Security Interests?
Authored by Dr. John R. Deni.
Added March 07, 2017
Type: Letort Papers
China's Interests and Goals in the Arctic: Implications for the United States
Authored by Dr. Elizabeth Wishnick.
View the Executive Summary

As China becomes a global power, it is turning its attention to the Arctic. This Letort Paper examines the geopolitical implications of China’s growing involvement in the Arctic for U.S. interests.
Added February 23, 2017
Type: Monograph
The North Caucasus Insurgency: Dead or Alive?
Authored by Dr. Emil Aslan Souleimanov.
View the Executive Summary

Combining analysis of the structural and up-to-date sources of the ongoing insurgency in Russia's North Caucasus, this monograph illustrates that despite their substantial weakening in the recent years, locally operating Salafi-jihadist groups are still alive and likely to remain so in the years to come. The monograph also emphasizes the salience of the local socio-cultural codes—retaliation, hospitality, and silence—that have provided, harsh reprisals notwithstanding, for pro-insurgent violent mobilization and local support.
Added February 07, 2017
Type: Article
Strategic Insights: Reimagining U.S. Foreign Assistance in the Middle East
Authored by Dr. Christopher J. Bolan.
Added February 06, 2017
Type: Book
The Al-Qaeda Organization and the Islamic State Organization: History, Doctrine, Modus Operandi, and U.S. Policy to Degrade and Defeat Terrorism Conducted in the Name of Sunni Islam
Authored by Dr. Paul Kamolnick.
View the Executive Summary

The al-Qaeda Organization (AQO) and Islamic State Organization (ISO) share an aspiration to re-establish a global Sunni imperium, yet are qualitatively distinct species of transnational terrorist entities. Fully comprehending their unique histories, doctrines, modus operandi, and critical vulnerabilities will greatly assist formulating more effective policy and strategy to expedite their degradation, defeat, and destruction.
Added January 25, 2017
Type: Article
Strategic Insights: Unlearned Lessons and the Dual-System Problem
Authored by Dr. Robert D. Lamb.
Added January 24, 2017
Type: Letort Papers
Prospects for the Rule of Law in Cyberspace
Authored by Mr. Keir Giles.
View the Executive Summary

This Letort Paper surveys moves toward establishing international norms and rule of law in cyberspace, and the potential for establishing further internationally agreed upon standards of behavior. It highlights opposing views on the nature of legality in cyberspace; and how and where those views are gaining global support. The survey shows that despite long-term campaigns for new binding international treaties, at present bilateral confidence building agreements and commercial interaction are the strongest drivers for norms building.
Added January 17, 2017
Type: Letort Papers
Emerging Powers and Future Threats: Implications for the U.S. and Global Defense Industry
Authored by Dr. Terrence R. Guay.
View the Executive Summary

This Letort Paper examines the defense industrial bases of Brazil, Russia, India, China, South Africa (BRICS), and Turkey, and the economic, political, and social factors that will influence their development in the coming years. In light of events in these countries and the structure of the global arms production and trade, four recommendations are made to maintain the national security interests of the United States.
Added January 09, 2017
Type: Article
Strategic Insights: Syria Safe Zones
Authored by Dr. Azeem Ibrahim.

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