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All Publications By Date

94 Publications Found in 2015

Added December 31, 2015
Type: Monograph
Strategy and Grand Strategy: What Students and Practitioners Need to Know
Authored by Dr. Tami Davis Biddle.
View the Executive Summary

Explaining why the practice of strategy is such a difficult and demanding art, Dr. Tami Davis Biddle offers a clear-headed critique that will be illuminating for students and practitioners alike. Relying on a broad base of classic and contemporary literature, she reveals why the logic of strategy often rests on weak foundations, and why—even when that logic is sound—the myriad problems of implementation will tend to erode and undermine the link between ends and means.
Added December 23, 2015
Type: Monograph
Reforming U.S. Export Controls Reforms: Advancing U.S. Army Interests
Authored by Dr. Richard Weitz.
View the Executive Summary

The International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR) help prevent potential foreign adversaries from using U.S. arms against the United States and its allies. However, the Regulations, as enforced, can weaken U.S. national security in other important ways.
Added December 22, 2015
Type: Book
Underestimated: Our Not So Peaceful Nuclear Future
Authored by Mr. Henry D. Sokolski.
View the Executive Summary

Underestimated: Our Not So Peaceful Nuclear Future explores what nuclear future we may face over the next 3 decades and how we currently think about this future. Will nuclear weapons spread in the next 20 years to more nations than just North Korea and possibly Iran? How great will the consequences be? What can be done?
Added December 18, 2015
Type: Monograph
Enabling Others to Win in a Complex World: Maximizing Security Force Assistance Potential in the Regionally Aligned Brigade Combat Team
Authored by CPT (P) Liam P. Walsh.
View the Executive Summary

Despite significant U.S. Army efforts at providing security force assistance (SFA) during Operation IRAQI FREEDOM, the performance of the Iraqi Security Forces against the Islamic State in the summer of 2014 raises questions about the conventional Army’s ability to train host nation security forces. Focusing on the brigade combat team (BCT), this monograph examines SFA efforts in Iraq and provides recommendations to maximize SFA capabilities in the regionally aligned BCT.
Added December 16, 2015
Type: Letort Papers
Autonomous Weapon Systems: A Brief Survey of Developmental, Operational, Legal, and Ethical Issues
Authored by Mr. Jeffrey L. Caton.
View the Executive Summary

What does the Department of Defense hope to gain from the use of autonomous weapon systems (AWS)? This Letort Paper explores a diverse set of complex issues related to the developmental, operational, legal, and ethical aspects of AWS.
Added December 15, 2015
Type: Monograph
Lethal and Legal? The Ethics of Drone Strikes
Authored by Dr. Shima D. Keene.
View the Executive Summary

With greatly increased lethal use of unmanned aerial vehicles comes greater scrutiny and controversy. This monograph lays out the ethical and legal landscape in which drone killings take place and makes key recommendations both for ensuring legality and a sound moral basis for operations, but also for ensuring those operations are effective.
Added December 14, 2015
Type: Article
Strategic Insights: Guyana-Venezuela: The Essequibo Region Dispute
Authored by Dr. Jose de Arimateia da Cruz.
Added December 14, 2015
Type: Article
Strategic Insights: Thinking About Catastrophe: The Army in a Nuclear Armed World
Authored by Dr. Steven Metz.
Added December 11, 2015
Type: Book
The Human Terrain System: Operationally Relevant Social Science Research in Iraq and Afghanistan
Authored by Dr. Christopher Sims.
View the Executive Summary

Investigation of the experiences and insights of social scientists that conducted research at the tactical level in Iraq and Afghanistan offers a nuanced examination of the challenges posed by those conflicts. This book explains how a military crisis catalyzed the creation of the Human Terrain System and traces its effect through interviews with former program members.
Added December 02, 2015
Type: Monograph
Mastering the Gray Zone: Understanding a Changing Era of Conflict
Authored by Dr. Michael J. Mazarr.
View the Executive Summary

This study examines the growing use of “gray zone” campaigns and techniques to achieve national goals. It assesses the character of these challenges, offers a number of hypotheses to help understand their strategic implications, and makes policy recommendations to deal with these increasingly important forms of statecraft.
Added November 30, 2015
Type: Article
What's Old is New — Kennan, Putin, and the Russian Competitive Viewpoint
Authored by Lieutenant Colonel Michael A. Adelberg.
Added November 30, 2015
Type: Monograph
The New Arab Regional Order: Opportunities and Challenges for U.S. Policy
Authored by Mr. Gregory Aftandilian.
View the Executive Summary

This monograph explores the new Arab regional order that has arisen in the past few years, made up of Saudi-led alliances in opposition to the Muslim Brotherhood in one grouping and in opposition to the Houthis and other Shia elements in another. It shows how this new order presents challenges and opportunities for the United States, and provides recommendations for U.S. policymakers.
Added November 25, 2015
Type: Monograph
The Hour of Truth: The Conflict in Ukraine–Implications for Europe’s Energy Security and the Lessons for the U.S. Army
Authored by Dr. Ariel Cohen, Mr. Ivan Benovic.
View the Executive Summary

Since the breakup of the Soviet Union, a number of gas disputes between Russia and Central and Eastern European countries have unveiled the strategic dependence of Europe on Russian piped gas. The recent Ukrainian crisis demonstrated that Europe has a desperate need to improve the security of its gas supply.
Added November 17, 2015
Type: Monograph
From Assistance to Partnership: Morocco and its Foreign Policy in West Africa
Authored by Dr. Mohammed El-Katiri.
View the Executive Summary

This monograph focuses on the geopolitical and economic drivers for the renewed Moroccan interest in West Africa. It also examines how Morocco is conducting its foreign and security policy in a variety of Western African countries. It highlights Morocco’s contribution to counterextremism in West Africa and Sahel regions, through the provision of training to the imams and preachers of African Mosques.
Added November 06, 2015
Type: Article
Strategic Insights: Will the Russians Escalate in Syria?
Authored by Dr. W. Andrew Terrill.
Added November 02, 2015
Type: Article
Strategic Insights: A New Era in Civ-Mil Relations: Rendering Advice to Those Who Do Not Want It
Authored by Dr. Don M. Snider.
Added November 02, 2015
Type: Monograph
Training Humans for the Human Domain
Authored by Dr. Steve Tatham, Mr. Keir Giles.
View the Executive Summary

Experience from Afghanistan and Iraq has demonstrated the vital nature of understanding human terrain, with conclusions relevant far beyond counterinsurgency operations in the Islamic world. This monograph offers an outline for educating U.S. and allied service personnel in fundamental human domain skills, and argues against their being overlooked in favor of technical solutions.
Added October 29, 2015
Type: Monograph
Unlocking India’s Strategic Potential in Central Asia
Authored by Mr. Roman Muzalevsky.
View the Executive Summary

Select elements of India’s strategic culture and geopolitical constraints account for its limited presence in Central Asia compared to great and middle-ranked powers alike. While Delhi could rely on its own resources to advance its position in Central Asia, it is far better off partnering with Washington. Without such partnership, its positioning in Central Asia and the world will be slower, while its efforts to turn its regional aspirations into influence – severely constrained.
Added October 26, 2015
Type: Monograph
Breaking the Bathsheba Syndrome: Building a Performance Evaluation System that Promotes Mission Command
Authored by Colonel Curtis D. Taylor.
View the Executive Summary

The Army today is seeking to inculcate a philosophy of mission command across the force based on a culture of mutual trust, clear intent, and decentralized initiative. It is therefore, reasonable to ask if our current performance evaluation system contributes or detracts from such a culture.
Added October 26, 2015
Type: Monograph
The Real Rebalancing: American Diplomacy and the Tragedy of President Obama’s Foreign Policy
Authored by Dr. John R. Deni.
View the Executive Summary

The Obama administration’s concerted efforts to rebalance American foreign policy away from defense and toward diplomacy and development unfortunately have failed. The continuing militarization of U.S. foreign policy means the Defense Department will remain the preferred means of both legislators and the executive branch for dealing with the greatest challenges facing American national security.
Added October 22, 2015
Type: Monograph
Arab Threat Perceptions and the Future of the U.S. Military Presence in the Middle East
Authored by Dr. W. Andrew Terrill.
View the Executive Summary

The threat perceptions of many Arab states aligned with the United States have changed significantly as a result of the dramatic events occurring in the region and globally since 2011. This report analyzes these new Arab threat perceptions and considers how the United States can work with its allies to strengthen both U.S. and allied goals in the region.
Added October 16, 2015
Type: Monograph
The Rise of iWar: Identity, Information, and the Individualization of Modern Warfare
Authored by Colonel Glenn J. Voelz.
View the Executive Summary

During a decade of global counterterrorism operations and two extended counterinsurgency campaigns, the United States was confronted with a new kind of adversary. Without uniforms, flags, and formations, the task of identifying and targeting these combatants represented an unprecedented operational challenge for which Cold War era doctrinal methods were largely unsuited.
Added October 14, 2015
Type: Other
The Army War College Review Vol. 1 No. 3
Edited by Dr. Larry D Miller.
The Army War College Review, a refereed publication of student work, is produced under the purview of the Strategic Studies Institute and the United States Army War College. An electronic quarterly, The AWC Review connects student intellectual work with professionals invested in U.S. national security, Landpower, strategic leadership, global security studies, and the advancement of the profession of arms.
Added October 05, 2015
Type: Article
Strategic Insights: If You Want Peace, Prepare for War: Reflections on China's V—Day Parade
Authored by Dr. David Lai.
Added October 01, 2015
Type: Article
Strategic Insights: The Russian Intervention and the Internal Dynamics of Syria
Authored by Dr. W. Andrew Terrill.
Added September 29, 2015
Type: Article
Strategic Insights: Economic Power: Time to Double Down
Authored by Professor John F. Troxell.
Added September 29, 2015
Type: Monograph
The Ethics of Drone Strikes: Does Reducing the Cost of Conflict Encourage War?
Authored by Dr. James Igoe Walsh, Dr. Marcus Schulzke.
View the Executive Summary

The increasingly frequent use of drones raises profound questions about the nature and morality of warfare involving asymmetrical risks between opposing belligerents. Many have raised questions regarding ethical consequences of the military use of drones.
Added September 24, 2015
Type: Monograph
The Limits of Offshore Balancing
Authored by Dr. Hal Brands.
View the Executive Summary

This monograph assesses whether “offshore balancing” represents an appropriate and desirable grand strategy for the United States. It argues that the answer is no—that the purported advantages of offshore balancing are frequently overstated, while the likely disadvantages and dangers are significant indeed.
Added September 18, 2015
Type: Monograph
Developing Emerging Leaders: The Bush School and the Legacy of the 41st President
Edited by Dr. Joseph R. Cerami.
View the Executive Summary

This research project examines the ideas and techniques for the education and training development of emerging leaders in the public, private, and nonprofit sectors. The project addresses the gaps in military and civilian education and training in preparing emerging leaders for “whole of government,” cross-agency, and cross-sector organizational environments.
Added September 14, 2015
Type: Letort Papers
Cyber Defense: An International View
Authored by Mr. Keir Giles, Ms. Kim Hartmann.
View the Executive Summary

Because of the seamlessly international nature of the internet, effective cybersecurity demands close cooperation with allies and friends overseas.
Added September 11, 2015
Type: Article
Strategic Insights: The Will To Fight
Authored by Dr. M. Chris Mason.
Added September 09, 2015
Type: Student (Carlisle) Papers
The Future Security Environment: Why the U.S. Army Must Differentiate and Grow Millennial Officer Talent
Authored by Colonel Michael J. Arnold.
View the Executive Summary

Secretary of Defense Ashton Carter, when speaking at his high school in Philadelphia, PA, recently stated, “We need to change our promotion and retention rules.” This Paper’s recommendations attempt to tackle some ways our Army can be at the forefront of making some historic changes to our outdated personnel system.
Added August 27, 2015
Type: Monograph
Terrorist and Insurgent Unmanned Aerial Vehicles: Use, Potentials, and Military Implications
Authored by Dr. Robert J. Bunker.
View the Executive Summary

U.S. Army organizations and its sister services are effected by nonstate threat unmanned aerial vehicle (or drone) use, as well as domestic policing and federal law enforcement bodies tasked with counterterrorism and homeland security missions. This technology can and will be used against U.S. troops deployed overseas and against civilians back home.
Added August 25, 2015
Type: Letort Papers
Using Target Audience Analysis to Aid Strategic Level Decisionmaking
Authored by Dr. Steve Tatham.
View the Executive Summary

The author evaluates how advanced social science research can be applied to latent and emergent threats globally to provide strategic policy options.
Added August 14, 2015
Type: Article
Colloquium Brief: Robotics and Military Operations - Kingston Conference on International Security
Authored by Dr. Robert J. Bunker.
Added August 11, 2015
Type: Monograph
Duffer’s Shoal: A Strategic Dream of the Pacific Command Area of Responsibility
Authored by Colonel Russell N. Bailey, Colonel (NZ) Christopher J. Parsons, Colonel Elizabeth R. Smith, Lieutenant Colonel Derek J. O'Malley, Lieutenant Colonel Bob Dixon, Ms. Laura McAleer.
View the Executive Summary

This monograph is a powerful primer for strategic and operational thinking. The successful defense of Duffer’s Drift required the nuanced application of hard-earned knowledge; ignoring even one tactical lesson guaranteed certain defeat.
Added August 07, 2015
Type: Other
2015-16 Key Strategic Issues List
Edited by Professor John F. Troxell.
The recently published National Military Strategy emphasizes the unpredictability of the global security environment. According to General Dempsey, “global disorder has significantly increased while some of our comparative military advantage has begun to erode. We now face multiple, simultaneous security challenges…” General Odierno echoes this concern by pointing to the “increased velocity of instability,” and emboldened potential adversaries that have “magnified the risk to U.S. interests around the world.” Responding to this period of geopolitical uncertainty demands thoughtful and careful analysis of a wide array of strategic issues. The Strategic Studies Institutes’ (SSI) annual Key Strategic Issues List (KSIL) addresses this need by providing a list of high-priority topics organized to support the Army's most important strategic objectives, issues that must be addressed to ensure the Army of 2025 and beyond will continue to meet the needs of the nation. Part I of the KSIL lists the Chief of Staff of the Army’s top five topics, all five of which will be addressed as integrative research projects by the US Army War College. Part II, “Priority Research Areas,” is a compilation of critical topics developed by the Army War College and Commands and organizations throughout the Army. Part III consists of the Army Warfighting Challenges. Students and researchers are encouraged to get in touch with the topic sponsors listed in the document, tackle one of these issues, and contribute to the knowledge base needed to support the future direction of the Army.
Added August 04, 2015
Type: Student (Carlisle) Papers
A Shared Burden: The Military and Civilian Consequences of Army Pain Management Since 2001
Authored by Colonel Craig Trebilcock.
View the Executive Summary

The Army has developed a prescription pain pill culture since 2001 that is not being adequately addressed through current Army enforcement and medical policies. A survey of recent U.S. Army War College graduates and civilian Veterans Court judges suggests the road to an opioid free fighting force lies not in more enforcement, but in prescription reform, Soldier medical monitoring, and meaningful rehabilitation programs.
Added July 30, 2015
Type: Monograph
The Limits of Military Officers’ Duty to Obey Civilian Orders: A Neo-Classical Perspective
Authored by Mr. Robert E. Atkinson, Jr.
View the Executive Summary

When must military officers obey civilian orders; when may they, or must they, disobey? This paper tries to ground both the professional duty of obedience and the standard exceptions, legal and moral, in a classical understanding of the common good.
Added July 29, 2015
Type: Monograph
China’s Rise and Reconfiguration of Central Asia’s Geopolitics: A Case for U.S. "Pivot" to Eurasia
Authored by Mr. Roman Muzalevsky.
View the Executive Summary

China’s emergence as a global actor has questioned the position of the United States as the strongest power and the future of the Washington-led global order. To achieve the status of a truly global player wielding influence in all dimensions of power would require China to leverage its regional influence in Central Asia.
Added July 29, 2015
Type: Monograph
Reassessing the Barriers to Islamic Radicalization in Kazakhstan
Authored by Ms. Zhulduz Baizakova, Mr. Roger N. McDermott.
View the Executive Summary

This critical study examines the numerous barriers which serve to mitigate the spread of religious extremism and the formation of a local support base for Islamic terrorism in Kazakhstan. These factors, including historical, linguistic, cultural, religious, and social development, are considered in order to understand fully the driving factors in the evolution of Kazakhstan’s counterterrorist policy and the state’s ongoing efforts to restrict the growth of Islamic radicalization.
Added July 28, 2015
Type: Book
The Chinese People's Liberation Army in 2025
Edited by Mr. Roy Kamphausen, Dr. David Lai.
View the Executive Summary

The Chinese People’s Liberation Army of 2025 is the 2014 edition of an ongoing series on the People’s Liberation Army co-published by the Strategic Studies Institute, the National Bureau of Asian Research, and the United States Pacific Command. This volume builds on previous volumes and identifies potential trajectories for PLA force modernization and mission focus, and how these potential changes could impact external actors.
Added July 27, 2015
Type: Article
Strategic Insights: Fragile States Cannot Be Fixed With State-Building
Authored by Dr. Robert D. Lamb.
Added July 22, 2015
Type: Book
A Hard Look at Hard Power: Assessing the Defense Capabilities of Key U.S. Allies and Security Partners
Edited by Mr. Gary J. Schmitt.
View the Executive Summary

Following the end of the Cold War, less attention has been paid to America’s allies, especially their “hard power” capabilities, despite the United States and its allies going to war more frequently than before. This volume addresses that gap, providing a holistic account of allied hard power and, in turn, the ability—and, indirectly, the willingness—of those same partners to use force independently or in concert with the United States and other allies.
Added July 10, 2015
Type: Article
The Approaching Implosion of Venezuela and Strategic Implications for the United States
Authored by Dr. R. Evan Ellis.
Added June 30, 2015
Type: Monograph
Paid to Perform: Aligning Total Military Compensation with Talent Management, Vol. 8
Authored by Mr. Roy A. Wallace, Lieutenant Colonel (Ret) Michael J. Colarusso, COL Andrew O. Hall, Colonel David S. Lyle, Major Michael S. Walker.
View the Executive Summary

Talent-driven officer management demands a compensation system capable of rewarding a diverse range of individual skills, knowledge, and behaviors. This monograph outlines proposed changes to U.S. military officer compensation, providing a set of tools ideally suited to the task of maintaining a competitive edge in defense-specific human capital.
Added June 29, 2015
Type: Monograph
Russian Ballistic Missile Defense: Rhetoric and Reality
Authored by Mr. Keir Giles.
View the Executive Summary

Russia continues to oppose strenuously U.S. plans for missile defense in Europe, despite the fact that Russia itself seeks to develop comparable missile defense systems, that, by their own logic, would be equally destabilizing. This monograph reviews Russian plans and progress toward implementing them, to prepare the ground for inevitable future confrontation with Russia over the rollout of U.S. systems.
Added June 29, 2015
Type: Other
The Army War College Review Vol. 1 No. 2
Edited by Dr. Larry D Miller.
The Army War College Review, a refereed publication of student work, is produced under the purview of the Strategic Studies Institute and the United States Army War College. An electronic quarterly, The AWC Review connects student intellectual work with professionals invested in U.S. national security, Landpower, strategic leadership, global security studies, and the advancement of the profession of arms.
Added June 25, 2015
Type: Article
Joining the New Caravan: ISIS and the Regeneration of Terrorism in Southeast Asia
Authored by Dr. Zachary Abuza.
Added June 25, 2015
Type: Book
The Strategic Lessons Unlearned from Vietnam, Iraq, and Afghanistan: Why the ANSF Will Not Hold, and the Implications for the U.S. Army in Afghanistan
Authored by Dr. M. Chris Mason.
View the Executive Summary

The wars in Vietnam, Iraq, and Afghanistan were lost almost before the first American shots were fired, not on the battlefield, but at the strategic level of war. This book explains why, and describes year-by-year, what will happen in Afghanistan from 2015 to 2019.
Added June 17, 2015
Type: Article
Does Anyone Really Know What's Going On? Likely Not.
Authored by Mr. Nathan P. Freier.
Added June 17, 2015
Type: Monograph
The New Russian Engagement with Latin America: Strategic Position, Commerce, and Dreams of the Past
Authored by Dr. R. Evan Ellis.
View the Executive Summary

Although overshadowed by China, Russia's re-engagement with Latin America and the Caribbean, which includes military deployments, arms sales, and the negotiation of base access agreements, impacts the regional security environment and potentially challenges U.S. national security. This monograph provides one of the first broad, in depth analyses of Russian engagement in the region, including an examination of its political and economic, as well as military activities, with an examination of implications for the U.S. and recommendation for U.S. policymakers.
Added June 04, 2015
Type: Letort Papers
The Strategic Importance of the Global Oil Market
Authored by Dr. Leif Rosenberger.
View the Executive Summary

The global oil market in 2015 is not what it used to be. This Letort Paper explains why there are new winners and losers both inside the United States, as well as globally, and how to respond to challenges to the international oil industry.
Added June 03, 2015
Type: Monograph
Iraq’s Shia Warlords and Their Militias: Political and Security Challenges and Options
Authored by Dr. Norman Cigar.
View the Executive Summary

The rise of the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria (ISIS) has seen a resurgence of the Shia militias in Iraq and unprecedented prominence for the warlords who lead them. Given the presence of U.S. Landpower in Iraq as part of the fight against ISIS and the close links of some of the militias with Iran, understanding the militias’ role and capabilities is key for force protection and operational security, as well as for policy concerns.
Added May 29, 2015
Type: Monograph
Gold, Blood, and Power: Finance and War Through the Ages
Authored by Mr. James Lacey.
View the Executive Summary

Wars are won not by the state with the biggest war chest, but by the state with the key to opening it. This survey of the link between finance and war demonstrates the crucial importance an endless stream of money is for strategic success.
Added May 28, 2015
Type: Other
From Cooperation to Competition - The Future of U.S.-Russian Relations
Authored by COL Gregory K. Anderson, COL Gert-Jan Kooij, LTC Karen L.T. Briggman, LTC Joseph E. Hilbert, Lt Col Christopher T. Lay, Dr. James C. McNaughton. Edited by Dr. John R. Deni.
Russian aggression in 2014 caught U.S. policy and strategy off guard, forcing reactive measures and reevaluation of the U.S. approach toward Russia. Moscow employed nonlinear methodologies and operated just beneath traditional thresholds of conflict to take full advantage of U.S. and NATO policy and process limitations. In light of this strategic problem, the U.S. Army War College (US - AWC), conducted a wargame that revealed four key considerations for future policy and strategy.
Added May 27, 2015
Type: Article
First Things First for Future Defense Strategy
Authored by Mr. Nathan P. Freier, Ms. Laura McAleer.
Added May 18, 2015
Type: Article
Strategy Education Across the Professional Military Education Enterprise
Authored by Colonel John C. Valledor.
Added May 12, 2015
Type: Monograph
From Frozen Ties to Strategic Engagement: U.S.-Iranian Relationship in 2030
Authored by Mr. Roman Muzalevsky.
View the Executive Summary

The possibility of P5+1 and Iran reaching a nuclear deal and benefits of a U.S.-Iranian strategic détente prompt an assessment of a U.S.-Iranian strategic relationship over the next 15 years. This work identifies three possible types of such relationship, providing recommendations for the United States, Iran, and their partners to cultivate and prepare for a strategic shift that such a revised relationship entails.
Added May 04, 2015
Type: Article
Bridging the Planning Gap: Incorporating Cyberspace Into Operational Planning
Authored by Colonel Martha S. H. VanDriel.
Added May 04, 2015
Type: Monograph
The Gulf Moment: Arab Relations Since 2011
Authored by Dr. Florence Gaub.
View the Executive Summary

The Arab Spring has changed the region not only at the domestic level, it has set in motion a profound transition from how these regional states once related to each other to that of a new intra-regional dynamic. In diplomatic terms, it has entered a Gulf Moment, where regional decisions are now taken by the Gulf states themselves.
Added April 30, 2015
Type: Book
Stand Up and Fight! The Creation of U.S. Security Organizations, 1942-2005
Edited by Colonel Ty Seidule, Dr. Jacqueline E. Whitt.
View the Executive Summary

Stand Up and Fight is a collection of essays that explores how new National Security Organizations are stood up—that is, formed, organized, funded, and managed—in the first years of their existence. From Joint ventures to combatant commands to cabinet-level departments, each organization’s history reveals important themes and lessons for leaders to consider in forming a new organization.
Added April 24, 2015
Type: Article
Russian Engagement in Latin America and the Caribbean: Return to the "Strategic Game" in a Complex-Interdependent Post-Cold War World?
Authored by Dr. R. Evan Ellis.
Added April 24, 2015
Type: Article
What is Next for Yemen?
Authored by Dr. W. Andrew Terrill.
Added April 21, 2015
Type: Monograph
Evolving Army Needs for Space-Based Support
Authored by Mr. Jeffrey L. Caton.
View the Executive Summary

During the past half-century, Army space operations have evolved from a realm exclusive to scientists and engineers, to highly classified activities largely unknown to the general population, to the unveiling of space-based communication, imagery, surveillance, and environment capabilities that have become a foundation for all modern warfare. Is the Army properly postured to meet current and future space-based support needs to conduct unified land operations?
Added April 15, 2015
Type: Letort Papers
Parsing Chinese-Russian Military Exercises
Authored by Dr. Richard Weitz.
View the Executive Summary

During the past decade, China and Russia have deepened their defense cooperation to include a range of bilateral and multilateral military exercises. These have multiple purposes and the potential to evolve into a more significant security development in coming years.
Added April 14, 2015
Type: Monograph
Maturing Defense Support of Civil Authorities and the Dual Status Commander Arrangement through the Lens of Process Improvement
Authored by Dr. Ryan Burke, Dr. Sue McNeil.
View the Executive Summary

Military operations are intricate, dynamic, and fluid. For these reasons, military commanders and planners regularly rehearse, train, exercise, and simulate operational scenarios so they are better prepared to face such challenges in real-world situations. Domestic civil support operations in response to emergencies or disasters present a challenging operational environment full of legal, financial, and even political barriers unique only to domestic missions.
Added April 13, 2015
Type: Letort Papers
Another Brick in the Wall: The Israeli Experience in Missile Defense
Authored by Dr. Jean-Loup Samaan.
View the Executive Summary

The Israeli experience in missile defense reveals crucial lessons on the military adaptation to both new threats and new remedies that have direct implications for the United States and its allies.
Added April 10, 2015
Type: Monograph
The State-Society/Citizen Relationship in Security Analysis: Implications for Planning and Implementation of U.S. Intervention and Peace/State-building Operations
Authored by Dr. Yannis A. Stivachtis.
View the Executive Summary

This monograph argues that the design and effective implementation of peacemaking and peace/state-building policies require that the U.S. strategists are fully aware of what constitutes a security issue for social groups and individuals in third countries. Consequently, in order to create strong states in post-conflict situations, U.S. strategic planning and actions should be based on the adoption of the broaden definition of security as well as the idea of human security
Added April 09, 2015
Type: Letort Papers
A Russian View on Landpower
Authored by Major General Aleksandr V. Rogovoy, Mr. Keir Giles.
View the Executive Summary

In a time of rapid change for the U.S. Army, it is essential to retain awareness of how potential adversaries are also developing their concepts of Landpower. This Letort Paper lays out an authoritative Russian view on the importance of substantial conventional land forces—a view which U.S. force planners should study closely.
Added April 09, 2015
Type: Monograph
Toward a Unified Military Response: Hurricane Sandy and the Dual Status Commander
Authored by Dr. Ryan Burke, Dr. Sue McNeil.
View the Executive Summary

This monograph carefully and comprehensively analyzes the dual status commander (DSC)-led military response to Hurricane Sandy in New York. It offers objective and systematic documentation of this response, including DSC-led military response. It concludes with a series of actionable recommendations aimed at improving operational decisionmaking, policy, and legislation specifically related to DSCs during no-notice/limited-notice incidents.
Added April 08, 2015
Type: Monograph
Space-Based Solar Power: A Technical, Economic, and Operational Assessment
Authored by Mr. Jeffrey L. Caton.
View the Executive Summary

With growing international awareness of energy security challenges, the promise of space-based solar power for clean and unlimited energy for all humankind is certainly appealing. While significant progress continues in the enabling technologies of such systems, is there compelling evidence that space-based solar power systems will provide the best energy solution? How does the Army’s current approach to incorporating a diverse portfolio of renewable energy sources in distributed locations compare to the potential of enterprise ventures that beam energy from solar collectors in space?
Added April 03, 2015
Type: Monograph
Thucydides Was Right: Defining the Future Threat
Authored by Dr. Colin S. Gray.
View the Executive Summary

To define future threat is, in a sense, an impossible task, yet it is one that must be done. The only sources of empirical evidence accessible are the past and the present; one cannot obtain understanding about the future from the future.
Added April 02, 2015
Type: Monograph
Strengthening Statehood Capabilities for Successful Transitions in the Middle East / North Africa Region
Authored by Dr. Mohammed El-Katiri.
View the Executive Summary

The post-revolution political elites in Egypt, Libya, and Tunisia are struggling to strengthen their legitimacy in the eyes of the public, but their attempts to gather support for much-needed new political institutions and reforms have made limited progress. This monograph explains why and suggests what can be done to help.
Added April 01, 2015
Type: Monograph
Confidence Building in Cyberspace: A Comparison of Territorial and Weapons-Based Regimes
Authored by Dr. Mary Manjikian.
View the Executive Summary

Confidence-building measures among nations can establish trust, prevent misunderstandings, and establish stable conditions in the international system. In considering how to establish confidence-building measures in cyberspace, analysts can learn from past examples—including the establishment of weapons-based confidence-building measures in the areas of biological, chemical, and nuclear weapons, as well as in the Indo-Pakistan Conflict.
Added March 26, 2015
Type: Other
Project 1704: A U.S. Army War College Analysis of Russian Strategy in Eastern Europe, an Appropriate U.S. Response, and the Implications for U.S. Landpower
Edited by Colonel Douglas V. Mastriano, LTC Derek O'Malley.
View the Executive Summary

The 2014 Russian annexation of Crimea and its ongoing war against Ukraine is a turning point in its relations with Europe and the United States. Yet, NATO and the United States are yet to offer a viable strategy on how it will answer this emerging threat. Project 1704 takes a hard look at the changing strategic environment in Europe and offers an approach to maintain stability in Europe.
Added March 24, 2015
Type: Article
Strategic Insights: From Ideology to Geopolitics: Russian Interests in Latin America
Authored by Dr. Jose de Arimateia da Cruz.
Added March 12, 2015
Type: Other
The Army War College Review Vol. 1 No.1
Edited by Dr. Larry D Miller.
The Army War College Review, a refereed publication of student work, is produced under the purview of the Strategic Studies Institute and the United States Army War College. An electronic quarterly, The AWC Review connects student intellectual work with professionals invested in U.S. national security, Landpower, strategic leadership, global security studies, and the advancement of the profession of arms.
Added March 02, 2015
Type: Article
The Growling Bear or "Why The Army Owes Mr. Putin a Favor"
Authored by Lieutenant Colonel Michael A. Adelberg.
Added February 20, 2015
Type: Letort Papers
Prospects for Iran's New Direction
Authored by Mr. Keir Giles.
View the Executive Summary

This monograph, completed ahead of the November 2014 deadline, examines some of the underlying factors which will be constant in dealing with a nuclear capable Iran under President Hassan Rouhani, and which will help determine the success or failure of talks in 2015.
Added February 20, 2015
Type: Monograph
Breaking the Nordic Defense Deadlock
Authored by Dr. Stefan Forss, Colonel (Ret.) Pekka Holopainen.
View the Executive Summary

Finland, Sweden, Norway, and Denmark are urgently considering how best to optimize limited defense resources in the face of a newly assertive Russia. This monograph proposes enhanced defense cooperation, both regionally and with the United States, as a means to ensure the security of U.S. allies in a strategically vital region.
Added February 17, 2015
Type: Monograph
Lying to Ourselves: Dishonesty in the Army Profession
Authored by Dr. Leonard Wong, Dr. Stephen J. Gerras.
View the Executive Summary

Untruthfulness is surprisingly common in the U.S. military even though members of the profession are loath to admit it. Further, much of the deception and dishonesty that occurs in the profession of arms is actually encouraged and sanctioned by the military institution.
Added February 11, 2015
Type: Monograph
Senior Conference 50, The Army We Need: The Role of Landpower in an Uncertain Strategic Environment
Edited by Major Charlie D Lewis, Dr. Rachel M Sondheimer, Colonel Jeffrey D Peterson.
View the Executive Summary

Senior Conference 2014, the 50th iteration of the United States Military Academy (USMA) Senior Conference, explored emerging trends and their implications for the Army’s strategic contribution to national security.
Added February 11, 2015
Type: Monograph
Always Strategic: Jointly Essential Landpower
Authored by Dr. Colin S. Gray.
View the Executive Summary

Why is Landpower always strategic? Is Landpower still Landpower when it is dependently joint?
Added February 10, 2015
Type: Monograph
Assessing Egyptian Public Support for Security Crackdowns in the Sinai
Authored by Mr. Gregory Aftandilian.
View the Executive Summary

This monograph explores the terrorist groups emanating from the Sinai Peninsula and assesses the level of Egyptian public support for the government's security crackdown on them. It offers recommendations for U.S. policymakers to help Egypt deal with this terrorist threat, not only militarily but in the social and economic spheres.
Added February 09, 2015
Type: Article
Strategic Insights: Would a Post-2011 Residual U.S. Force in Iraq Have Changed Anything?
Authored by Dr. W. Andrew Terrill.
Added February 03, 2015
Type: Book
New Realities: Energy Security in the 2010s and Implications for the U.S. Military
Edited by Dr. John R. Deni.
View the Executive Summary

How are the profound, even revolutionary changes in today’s global energy markets affecting U.S. national security and the U.S. military? Experts from academia, think tanks, the Pentagon, and the private sector address these and related questions in this timely, important edited volume.
Added January 30, 2015
Type: Monograph
Do Fewer Resources Mean Less Influence? A Comparative Historical Case Study of Military Influence in a Time of Austerity
Authored by Dr. Mary Manjikian.
View the Executive Summary

The issue of how military resources should be reallocated after a military drawdown is not new. This monograph considers how this question was addressed in post-World War I Britain, and in the United States in the Post-Vietnam and Cold War environment, as well as making comparisons with the present environment.
Added January 27, 2015
Type: Article
Strategic Insights: The China-CELAC Summit: Opening a New Phase in China-Latin America-U.S. Relations?
Authored by Dr. R. Evan Ellis.
Added January 26, 2015
Type: Article
Strategic Insights: A New Year's Resolution For Army Leaders
Authored by Prof. William G. Braun, III.
Added January 23, 2015
Type: Monograph
Army Support of Military Cyberspace Operations: Joint Contexts and Global Escalation Implications
Authored by Mr. Jeffrey L. Caton.
View the Executive Summary

Military cyberspace operations have been ongoing since before the advent of the Internet and their influence on traditional military operations continues to increase. What are the significant changes in mission and structure of Department of Defense offensive and defensive cyberspace activities over the past decade? How do joint and Army cyberspace military operations fit into the complex and dynamic sphere of daily network defense as well as international deterrence and escalation?
Added January 13, 2015
Type: Article
Strategic Insights: Brazil's Election 2014: Continuity or Change for the "Sleeping Giant"?
Authored by Dr. Jose de Arimateia da Cruz.
Added January 13, 2015
Type: Monograph
Getting to the Left of SHARP: Lessons Learned from West Point's Efforts to Combat Sexual Harassment and Assault
Authored by Lieutenant General Robert L. Caslen, Jr., Colonel Cindy R. Jebb, Lieutenant Colonel Daniel Gade, Cadet Hope C. Landsem.
View the Executive Summary

On July 26, 1948, President Harry Truman signed Executive Order 9981, ending the practice of segregating the military services by race. That same year, the Army allowed women to join the services on an equal basis with men. Both of these steps preceded the larger societal changes that allowed fully equal treatment of all types of American citizens in military service. Just over 2 years ago, Congress repealed the Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell policy, allowing for gays and lesbians to take their place openly in the military. While we have a long way to go, one of the hallmarks of a profession is its continued efforts to improve. To that end, this monograph shares a few of the lessons West Point has learned on the prevention of sexual harassment and assault.
Added January 02, 2015
Type: Monograph
The Effective Use of Reserve Personnel in the U.S. Military: Lessons from the United Kingdom Reserve Model
Authored by Dr. Shima D. Keene.
View the Executive Summary

Can the U.S. Army and other services benefit from the United Kingdom's program of reserve reform?

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