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Recent Publications


  • Publication cover with title

    Added April 05, 2019

    Grand Strategy is Attrition: The Logic of Integrating Various Forms of Power in Conflict

    Authored by Dr. Lukas Milevski.
    View the Executive Summary

    Grand strategy may be many things to many people, but its logic is often poorly understood. Focusing on the foundation of grand strategy as the combination of military and non-military power in war, Dr. Lukas Milevski elucidates the logic of grand strategy and of how disparate forms of power can be constructively employed together. He considers how the introduction of military force and violence alters the meaning and plausible effects of non-military pressure and identifies what space is still left open for non-military power to make an impact within the adversarial context of war.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added March 29, 2019

    Air Power and Warfare: A Century of Theory and History

    Authored by Dr. Tami Davis Biddle.
    View the Executive Summary

    Tami Davis Biddle analyzes the historical record of air power over the past 100 years. Her monograph, designed for the student of strategy, is intended to provide both a concise introduction to the topic and a framework for thinking intelligently about air power, particularly aerial bombing.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added March 20, 2019

    Deterring Russia in the Gray Zone

    Authored by Lieutenant Colonel Michael C. McCarthy, Commander Matthew A. Moyer, Colonel Brett H. Venable.
    View the Executive Summary

    The United States is being challenged by a resurgent Russia in the conceptual space between war and peace commonly referred to as the “gray zone.” Failure to address Russia’s aggression now will have lasting, detrimental effects on U.S. national security interests. This monograph offers U.S. policymakers a menu of strategic options spanning the instruments of national power to deter Russia in the gray zone.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added March 18, 2019

    The Army Role in Achieving Deterrence in Cyberspace

    Authored by Mr. Jeffrey L. Caton.
    View the Executive Summary

    The U.S. tradition of pursuing national-level deterrence has developed and evolved significantly since the introduction of the Monroe Doctrine in 1823. Since the United States has stated publicly that it has vital interests in cyberspace, it is prudent for the Nation to achieve deterrence in this relatively new realm. What is the current U.S. deterrence posture for cyberspace? What are the U.S. Army’s roles in cyberspace deterrence?

  • Publication cover with title

    Added March 07, 2019

    Conventional Deterrence and Landpower in Northeastern Europe

    Authored by Dr. Alexander Lanoszka, Dr. Michael A. Hunzeker.
    View the Executive Summary

    The Baltic region faces a challenging and uncertain future amid Russian provocation, subversion, and aggression. Though the United States, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), and its Baltic allies are already taking action, this monograph recommends a hedging strategy to help the U.S. Army further enhance defense and deterrence measures along NATO’s northeastern flank.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added March 05, 2019

    Two Case Studies of Successful Strategic Communication Campaigns

    Authored by Dr. Thomas P. Galvin.
    View the Executive Summary

    Strategic communication has historically been cited as a weakness in U.S. military operations. Failures are easy to identify. However, what does right look like? Rarely are they discussed, perhaps because it is difficult to know when a campaign achieved enough of the desired effects such that leaders can claim success. In this book, Dr. Thomas P. Galvin explores two cases of successful communication campaigns conducted by military organizations as measured by their long-term effects and offers a thought process for developing new campaigns.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added February 22, 2019

    What Next for Russia’s Front-Line States?

    Authored by Mr. Keir Giles.
    View the Executive Summary

    This Letort Paper examines the continuity and the changes in the foreign policy posture of Russia’s front-line states following intervention in Ukraine in 2014.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added February 15, 2019

    Implications of Service Cyberspace Component Commands for Army Cyberspace Operations

    Authored by Mr. Jeffrey L. Caton.
    View the Executive Summary

    The first 7 years of U.S. Cyber Command operations are paved with milestones that mark the steady operationalization of modern cyberspace as the newest domain of military conflict as well as a realm of international power. The creation of the Cyber Mission Force and Joint Force Headquarters-Cyber are significant steps toward improving the timeliness and effectiveness of cyberspace operations that directly support combatant commands and the whole-of-government responses to cyberspace threats. It focuses on the central question: “What is the context in which different military services approach cyberspace component operations internally as well as with the Department of Defense?”

  • Publication cover with title

    Added February 11, 2019

    Contemporary Chemical Weapons Use in Syria and Iraq by the Assad Regime and the Islamic State

    Authored by Dr. Robert J. Bunker.
    View the Executive Summary

    This monograph focuses on an understudied, yet a critically important and timely, component of land warfare related to the battlefield use of chemical weapons by contemporary threat forces. It provides an overview of the Assad Regime’s and the Islamic State’s chemical warfare capabilities and analyzes their respective use of chemical weapons in Syria and Iraq. It then provides lessons learned that will serve to influence U.S. Army policy and planning considerations vis-à-vis its support of Joint Force implementation of National Command Authority guidance.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added January 31, 2019

    Examining the Roles of Army Reserve Component Forces in Military Cyberspace Operations

    Authored by Mr. Jeffrey L. Caton.
    View the Executive Summary

    Cyberspace operations have become pervasive in the United States, and they enable many aspects of modern life for the average citizen, such as entertainment, communication, education, transportation, banking, and voting. The continuing development of the U.S. Army and Department of Defense (DoD) Reserve component cyberspace units can leverage the capabilities and experience of industry and academia to help protect critical information infrastructure and enhance national security. What opportunities and challenges surround the integration of these forces into a still-evolving joint cyberspace force?

  • Publication cover with title

    Added January 29, 2019

    Scenario Planning and Strategy in the Pentagon

    Authored by Dr. Michael Fitzsimmons.
    View the Executive Summary

    Scenario planning is an important tool for defense strategy and force development, but numerous conceptual and bureaucratic obstacles have limited its influence over time. This monograph examines the recent history and challenges of scenario planning in the Pentagon and offers recommendations to improve its effectiveness.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added January 17, 2019

    The U.S. Army in the Iraq War – Volume 1: Invasion – Insurgency – Civil War, 2003-2006

    Edited by COL Joel D. Rayburn, COL Frank K. Sobchak.
    View the Executive Summary

    Originally commissioned by Chief of Staff of the Army General Raymond T. Odierno, The U.S. Army in the Iraq War is the Army’s interim examination of military operations in Iraq from 2003 to 2011. This study, published in two volumes, is a narrative history that tells the story of U.S. forces in Iraq, mainly from the perspective of the theater command in Baghdad and the operational commands immediately subordinate to it. It focuses at the operational level of war, exploring the decisions and intent of the senior three- and four-star commanders and how these decisions effected the course of the war over time. This work was built from over 30,000 pages of previously unavailable declassified documents and hundreds of hours of interviews with senior defense leaders. While the Army will eventually publish a comprehensive, official “Green Book” history that describes Operation IRAQI FREEDOM in greater depth, this study is being released now in order that key lessons, insights, and innovations from this period of the conflict are available to the next generation of Soldiers and leaders to study, learn from, and adapt to ensure the future readiness of our Army and the Joint Force.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added January 17, 2019

    The U.S. Army in the Iraq War – Volume 2: Surge and Withdrawal, 2007-2011

    Edited by COL Joel D. Rayburn, COL Frank K. Sobchak.
    View the Executive Summary

    Originally commissioned by Chief of Staff of the Army General Raymond T. Odierno, The U.S. Army in the Iraq War is the Army’s interim examination of military operations in Iraq from 2003 to 2011. This study, published in two volumes, is a narrative history that tells the story of U.S. forces in Iraq, mainly from the perspective of the theater command in Baghdad and the operational commands immediately subordinate to it. It focuses at the operational level of war, exploring the decisions and intent of the senior three- and four-star commanders and how these decisions effected the course of the war over time. This work was built from over 30,000 pages of previously unavailable declassified documents and hundreds of hours of interviews with senior defense leaders. While the Army will eventually publish a comprehensive, official “Green Book” history that describes Operation IRAQI FREEDOM in greater depth, this study is being released now in order that key lessons, insights, and innovations from this period of the conflict are available to the next generation of Soldiers and leaders to study, learn from, and adapt to ensure the future readiness of our Army and the Joint Force.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added November 15, 2018

    Maneuvering the Saudi-Iranian Rivalry in the Middle East: How the United States Can Preserve and Protect Its Long-Term Interests in the Region

    Authored by Mr. Gregory Aftandilian.
    View the Executive Summary

    This monograph examines the conflicts in the Middle East region between Saudi Arabia and Iran and the so-called proxy wars that are being fought between them, and discusses ways that the United States needs to maneuver carefully in this struggle to preserve its long-term interests in the area. Although Washington has political, economic, and strategic equities with Riyadh, it needs to think carefully about being perceived as engaging in sectarian strife that would alienate Shia allies in Iraq, show bias in its human rights policy, and anger millions of Iranian young people who want better relations with the United States.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added November 05, 2018

    Creating Great Expectations: Strategic Communications and American Airpower

    Authored by Dr. Conrad C. Crane.
    View the Executive Summary

    Americans have always been uniquely attracted to airpower, a fact that has been successfully exploited by generations of U.S. Air Force leaders in information campaigns. But as a result, the nation has often entered conflicts with exorbitant expectations about what airpower could actually accomplish, creating unique challenges in strategic communications when promises did not match reality, especially in recent conflicts. Adaptive enemies have also become very adept at using their own carefully crafted information campaigns to counter what is America’s greatest asymmetric advantage on the battlefield.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added October 23, 2018

    Silent Partners: Organized Crime, Irregular Groups, and Nation-States

    Authored by Dr. Shima D. Keene.
    View the Executive Summary

    This monograph provides an assessment of the threat posed by the partnership between criminal organizations, irregular groups, and nation-states to U.S. national security interests, and recommends ways in which it can be countered by the U.S. Army.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added October 18, 2018

    Assessing the Collective Security Treaty Organization: Capabilities and Vulnerabilities

    Authored by Dr. Richard Weitz.
    View the Executive Summary

    The Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) has become the most important multilateral defense structure in the former Soviet Union and is an essential instrument in Russia’s resurgence. CSTO has expanded its missions, authorities, and capabilities. However, it faces both internal and external challenges, especially debilitating divisions among its members.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added October 03, 2018

    Maintaining Information Dominance in Complex Environments

    Authored by Dr. John A. S. Ardis, Dr. Shima D. Keene.
    View the Executive Summary

    The monograph suggests a risk-based approach to developing an advanced information warfare capability for the U.S. Army. It also proposes that complexity and uncertainty in the information environment be exploited rather than considered a barrier. The authors recommend the development of a series of operational architectures and categories, which abandon the conventional single-outcome strategies of current military deception and embrace complex engagements in a connected and dynamic battlespace.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added September 27, 2018

    The Relevance of the European Union and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization for the United States in the 21st Century

    Authored by Dr. Joel R. Hillison.
    View the Executive Summary

    The “America First” approach to foreign policy seems to call into question the value of institutions like the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and the European Union (EU). However, in a more competitive and uncertain strategic environment, NATO and the EU remain vital to promoting U.S. interests.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added September 25, 2018

    Exit Strategy: Rule of Law and the U.S. Army

    Authored by Dr. Shima D. Keene.
    View the Executive Summary

    This monograph highlights the importance of establishing effective and sustainable rule of law institutions and practices in post-conflict states, and describes how the U.S. Army could better achieve that goal as part of its strategy for withdrawal from conflict.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added September 24, 2018

    A Security Role for the United States in a Post-ISIS Syria?

    Authored by Mr. Gregory Aftandilian.
    Syria has become one of the most vexing and complex problems for U.S. strategic planners in recent times. Currently, the United States has about 2,000 troops in the northeastern part of the country whose primary mission has been to aid the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF), made up primarily of Kurds and some Arab tribesmen, to fight ISIS. The near total defeat of ISIS in Syria, especially with the fall of its so-called caliphate capital in Raqqa in October 2017, might seem to suggest that the military mission is coming to an end and, therefore, the United States should pull out its troops. Indeed, President Donald Trump stated publicly in late March 2018, that he wanted these troops to come home “very soon.” However, since that time, the U.S. President has backtracked from this statement after receiving advice from several of his top military advisers, including Defense Secretary James Mattis, some foreign leaders like French President Emanuel Macron and Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, and influential members of Congress, such as Senator Lindsey Graham, all of whom have recommended that the President keep these troops in Syria.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added September 20, 2018

    The Dual-System Problem in Complex Conflicts

    Authored by Dr. Robert D. Lamb, Ms. Melissa R. Gregg.
    View the Executive Summary

    Conflict and fragile environments are increasingly complex and unpredictable, but the U.S. policy system itself is much more complex and unpredictable than most leaders appreciate. In this monograph, the authors argue that until we get a grasp on this “dual-system problem,” the United States will fall further and further behind in its strategic ambitions.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added September 05, 2018

    Impacts of Anti-Access/Area Denial Measures on Space Systems: Issues and Implications for Army and Joint Forces

    Authored by Mr. Jeffrey L. Caton.
    View the Executive Summary

    The 2018 National Defense Strategy and National Space Strategy both reaffirm the vital interests that the United States has in the domain of space. However, space remains an inherently hostile environment that has become congested, contested, and competitive among the nations. What are ways for the U.S. Army to assure the success of its space-dependent warfighting functions in an anti-access/area denial (A2/AD) environment where space systems are degraded for significant periods of time?

  • Publication cover with title

    Added August 22, 2018

    Underestimated: Our Not So Peaceful Nuclear Future, Second Edition

    Authored by Mr. Henry D. Sokolski.
    View the Executive Summary

    Underestimated: Our Not So Peaceful Nuclear Future, Second Edition explores what nuclear future we may face over the next 3 decades and how we currently think about this future. Will nuclear weapons spread in the next 20 years to more nations than just North Korea and possibly Iran? How dire will the consequences be? What might help us avoid the worst?

  • Publication cover with title

    Added August 20, 2018

    2018-20 Key Strategic Issues List

    Edited by LTC Charles A. Carlton.
    For over a decade, the USAWC has published the Key Strategic Issues List (KSIL) to inform students, faculty, and external research associates of strategic topics requiring research and analysis. A subset of these topics, designated as Chief of Staff of the Army special interest topics, consists of those which demand special attention. The USAWC will address these as Integrated Research Projects and other research efforts. The USAWC in coordination with Headquarters Department of the Army (HQDA), major commands throughout the Army, and the joint and interagency community have developed the remaining Army Priorities for Strategic Analysis. The KSIL will help prioritize strategic research and analysis that USAWC students and faculty, USAWC Fellows, and external researchers conduct to link their research efforts and results more effectively to the Army's highest priority topics.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added August 08, 2018

    Radical Islamist English-Language Online Magazines: Research Guide, Strategic Insights, and Policy Response

    Authored by Dr. Robert J. Bunker, Pamela Ligouri Bunker.
    View the Executive Summary

    This Strategic Studies Institute book provides a comprehensive research guide to radical Islamist English-language online magazines, eBooks, and assorted radical Islamist news magazines, reports, and pocketbooks published between April-May 2007 and November 2016, and generates strategic insights and policy response options.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added July 27, 2018

    Current Russia Military Affairs: Assessing and Countering Russian Strategy, Operational Planning, and Modernization

    Edited by Dr. John R. Deni.
    What are the key strategic objectives, operational planning tenets, and force modernization goals of the Russian Federation? This collection of short essays includes the key insights and recommendations presented by featured speakers during a one-day, invite-only workshop conducted in Washington, DC on May 1, 2018 in support of U.S. European Command.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added July 26, 2018

    New Directions in Just-War Theory

    Authored by Dr. J. Toby Reiner.
    View the Executive Summary

    One of the major developments in international law since World War II is the growth of human rights law dedicated to ensuring the protection of individuals from violence wherever they are, including from their own state. Tracking such changes, in recent decades, just-war theory has evolved from its traditional focus on state sovereignty in the direction of a rights-based approach that treats just wars as a form of global law enforcement. This monograph provides a survey of these developments, focusing on the increased scope for humanitarian intervention, principles of justice after war, and on the question of the responsibility of combatants for assessing the justice of their military's cause. It concludes by considering the call for strengthening international institutions and training programs in military ethics.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added May 23, 2018

    Friendly Force Dilemmas in Europe: Challenges Within and Among Intergovernmental Organizations and the Implications for the U.S. Army

    Authored by Colonel Jose Luis Calvo Albero, Colonel Kirk Gallinger, Lieutenant Colonel Klaus Klingenschmid, Lieutenant Colonel Jose De Meer Madrid, Colonel Angus McAfee, Colonel Stefano Messina, Lieutenant Colonel Markus Meyer, Colonel Michael Mineni, Colonel Darryl Rupp.
    View the Executive Summary

    The transatlantic community is facing a vast array of security challenges in Europe. The principal intergovernmental organizations—the European Union (EU) and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)—responsible for rising to these challenges face a number of hurdles. This monograph takes a unique perspective—that of European partners and allies—in suggesting to U.S. policymakers how Washington ought to consider adjusting its approach in Europe and beyond, as a means of helping NATO and the EU to provide credible and sustainable collective security and defense.

  • Publication cover with title

    Added May 22, 2018

    Robotics and Military Operations

    Edited by Prof. William G. Braun, III, Dr. Stéfanie von Hlatky, Dr. Kim Richard Nossal.
    View the Executive Summary

    This monograph examines the current state of robotics technology, the trajectory for future robotics and autonomous systems use, and the ethical implications of military robotics in the context national security. This monograph offers policy recommendations, explains investment strategy drivers, and examines the ethical implications of robotics and autonomous systems on the modern battlefield.

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