Text Browser Navigation Bar: Main Site Navigation and Search | Current Page Navigation | Current Page Content

U.S. Army War College >> Strategic Studies Institute >> Publications >> A History of Socio-Cultural Intelligence and Research Under the Occupation of Japan

Login to "My SSI" Contact

U.S. Army War College >> Strategic Studies Institute >> Publications >> Details

A History of Socio-Cultural Intelligence and Research Under the Occupation of Japan

Authored by Lieutenant Colonel (USAF) Michael B. Meyer.

A History of Socio-Cultural In... Cover Image

Brief Synopsis

American forces entered a seemingly dangerous and very foreign world following the surrender of Japan. A nation-building mission unlike any other previously in U.S. history ensued. Insight into Japanese sentiment and ways of conducting business would be paramount to the success of General Douglas MacArthur in demilitarizing and democratizing Japan. Two complementary but rival organizations within MacArthur’s Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers (SCAP) staff were created and charged with understanding Japanese thought patterns and culture to assist with successful reform. The Research and Analysis Branch (R&A), subordinate to the Civil Intelligence Section (CIS), was responsible for turning out quality anecdotal intelligence analysis. It produced weekly “Occupational Trends” reports critical to monitoring Japanese sentiment on issues of seminal importance to demilitarization, such as Japanese popular opinion concerning the maintenance of the Emperor. The other organization, the Public Opinion and Sociological Research Division (PO&SR) under the Civil Information and Education Section (CI&E), employed social scientists who worked closely with Japanese nationals on democratization. For perhaps the first time in history, sociological research supplemented traditional intelligence analysis in informing occupational leaders. PO&SR prepared scientific socio-cultural reports that served various sections across MacArthur’s government. While rivalries existed between the R&A and PO&SR over methods and utility of services, the framework established under the occupation serves as a model of how to process and produce foreign socio-cultural intelligence and research during nation building. Analytic lessons learned include encouraging close cooperation between intelligence professionals and more specialized sociologists, incorporating diverse collection sources, working closely with host nationals, and formally documenting social science project findings.

You may also be interested in the following titles:

Survey: A History of Socio-Cultural Intelligence and Research Under the Occupation of Japan

1. How would you rate the writing and overall quality? (5 best - 1 Worst)

2. Is the content relevant for influencing present and future debates?

View other pubs in the following category:

Military Strategy and Policy

  • Download it Now!

  • Hardcopies

    • Study is: Available via Download Only
    • All hardcopies are free of charge, shipping inclusive.
    • For out of stock or digital only publications, refer to the new GPO on-demand site. For a small fee, recieve many prior publications. Click here to visit.
    • All materials on our website are available as a free download.