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Dr. Antulio J. Echevarria, II

Editor of The U.S. Army War College Quarterly, Parameters
Area(s) of Expertise: History and Theory of Warfare; Nature of War; Future Warfare; American Way of War

Phone: (717) 245-4058

Photo Dr. Echevarria became the Editor of the U.S. Army War College Quarterly Parameters in February 2013. Prior to that, he was the Director of Research for the U.S. Army War College. Dr. Echevarria is the author of Military Strategy: A Very Short Introduction (Oxford 2017); Reconsidering the American Way of War (Georgetown, 2014); Clausewitz and Contemporary War (Oxford 2007); Imagining Future War (Praeger Securities International, 2007); and After Clausewitz (University Press of Kansas, 2001). He has also published extensively in scholarly and professional journals on topics related to military history and theory and strategic thinking. Dr. Echevarria is a graduate of the U.S. Military Academy, the U.S. Army Command and General Staff College, the U.S. Army War College, and was a Visiting Research Fellow at Oxford University. He holds M.A. and Ph.D. degrees in history from Princeton University, and is currently working on a book on the American way of thinking about war for Cambridge University Press.

SSI books and monographs by Dr. Antulio J. Echevarria, II

  • Operating in the Gray Zone: An Alternative Paradigm for U.S. Military Strategy

    April 04, 2016

    Authored by Dr. Antulio J. Echevarria, II.
    View the Executive Summary

    The idea of gray zone wars is not new, but why does the West think it is and why has it struggled to deal with it? How can the West adjust its way of thinking about strategy and war to operate better in the gray zone?

  • 2012-13 Key Strategic Issues List

    August 01, 2012

    Edited by Dr. Antulio J. Echevarria, II.
    The purpose of the Key Strategic Issues List is to provide military and civilian researchers a ready reference for issues of special interest to the Department of the Army and the Department of Defense.

  • Preparing for One War and Getting Another?

    September 23, 2010

    Authored by Dr. Antulio J. Echevarria, II.
    The idea that war or strategy is driven by a paradoxical logic is attractive, but a number of questions remain unanswered. If war has its own logic, rather than its own grammar, where does the logic of policy fit in? If the logic of strategy is paradoxical, how can it be taught? What are paradoxes, and can they be useful in guiding our strategic choices?

  • Key Strategic Issues List, July 2008

    July 16, 2008

    Edited by Dr. Antulio J. Echevarria, II.
    The Key Strategic Issues List gives researchers, whether military professionals or civilian scholars, a ready reference of those issues of particular interest to the Department of the Army and the Department of Defense. Its focus is strategic, rather than operational or tactical. Every year, the KSIL helps guide research efforts to the mutual benefit of the defense community and individual researchers.

  • Wars of Ideas and the War of Ideas

    June 12, 2008

    Authored by Dr. Antulio J. Echevarria, II.
    The author discusses several types of wars of ideas so as to achieve a better understanding of what wars of ideas are.

  • Challenging Transformation's Clichés

    January 10, 2007

    Authored by Dr. Antulio J. Echevarria, II.
    Critical thinkers analyze and refine ideas underpinning the foundation of American defense policy and military strategy today so the defense community can apply them in strategy and force development. This is an ongoing process: new ideas emerge, are tested, and adopted, revised, or discarded.

  • 2006 Key Strategic Issues List (KSIL)

    July 17, 2006

    Edited by Dr. Antulio J. Echevarria, II.
    In today’s dynamic strategic environment, political changes can become challenges very quickly. Any list of key strategic issues must, therefore, include the broadest array of regional and functional concerns. This is a catalogue of significant issues, arranged as potential research topics, of concern to U.S. policymakers. As such, the KSIL is a ready source of topics that members of the defense community and academia can use to focus their research efforts.

  • Fourth-Generation War and Other Myths

    November 01, 2005

    Authored by Dr. Antulio J. Echevarria, II.
    Dr Antulio J. Echevarria II critiques the theory of fourth-generation warfare, examining its problematic assumptions and logical flaws. He argues that this theory is hopelessly flawed and that its proponents undermine their credibility by subscribing to it.

  • 2005 Key Strategic Issues List (KSIL)

    July 01, 2005

    Edited by Dr. Antulio J. Echevarria, II.
    The U.S. Army must maintain a strategic perspective—that it take advantage of the collective insights of scholars and senior-level students both within the defense community and beyond. The Key Strategic Issues List (KSIL), developed at the U.S. Army War College by SSI, helps the Army identify and bring together those insights.

  • Toward an American Way of War

    March 01, 2004

    Authored by Dr. Antulio J. Echevarria, II.
    This monograph addresses trends in American strategic thinking to the war in Iraq. It argues that the American way of war is really a way of battle and offers some recommendations for change.

  • From "Defending Forward" to a "Global Defense-In-Depth": Globalization and Homeland Security

    October 01, 2003

    Authored by Dr. Antulio J. Echevarria, II, Prof. Bert B. Tussing.
    The authors have examined the scope and substance of our National Security Strategy for Homeland Security (NSHS). Disturbingly, they find that the NSHS fails to address the challenges that globalization poses for the security of the American homeland.

  • Globalization and the Nature of War

    March 01, 2003

    Authored by Dr. Antulio J. Echevarria, II.
    Globalization—the spread of information and information technologies, along with greater public participation in economic and political processes—is transforming every aspect of human affairs. What is not yet clear, however, are the impacts of these trends, especially how they might affect the nature of war. This monograph argues that the Clausewitzian trinity—hostility, chance, purpose—is still a valid way of looking at the nature of war in the 21st century.

  • Clausewitz's Center of Gravity: Changing Our Warfighting Doctrine--Again!

    September 01, 2002

    Authored by Dr. Antulio J. Echevarria, II.
    The center of gravity concept has long been hailed by the U.S. military as the cornerstone of the operational art; yet, the term has many different meanings. In going back to the original concept, the author reveals that Clausewitz intended the center of gravity to function much as its counterpart in the mechanical sciences, that is, as a focal point—as the one element within a combatant's entire structure or system that has the necessary centripetal force to hold that structure together.

  • Rapid Decisive Operations: An Assumptions-Based Critique

    November 01, 2001

    Authored by Dr. Antulio J. Echevarria, II.
    The author argues that, while those who developed the concept of rapid decisive operations (RDO) deserve high praise for attempting to link two relative properties—speed and decisiveness—the definition of RDO is at present incoherent and based on several deeply flawed assumptions. He goes on to recommend a method—which he calls Assumption-based Concept Development—for identifying and addressing an operational concept's critical assumptions.

  • Toward a Strategy of Positive Ends

    September 01, 2001

    Authored by Dr. Antulio J. Echevarria, II, Brigadier General (Ret.) Huba Wass de Czege.
    Brigadier General (Retired) Huba Wass de Czege and Lieutenant Colonel Antulio J. Echevarria II make a case for a strategy aimed at achieving positive, rather than neutral or negative, ends. They first discuss the dynamic conditions of the new strategic environment, then explore the options the United States has available for dealing with those conditions. The options include (1) preventive defense, (2) neo-isolationism, and (3) a strategy that pursues positive ends.

  • The Army and Homeland Security: A Strategic Perspective

    March 01, 2001

    Authored by Dr. Antulio J. Echevarria, II.
    The topic of homeland security includes a broad array of missions and mission areas ranging from national missile defense to military assistance to civil authorities. The topic has recently attracted a great deal of attention due to the public's heightened awareness of the variety and nature of emerging threats and of the United States vulnerabilities to them. The Army Staff was assigned to investigate the Army's role in homeland security from a strategic, rather than a legal or procedural perspective.