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Mr. Henry D. Sokolski

External Researcher
Phone: (571)-970-3187

HENRY D. SOKOLSKI is the executive director of the Nonproliferation Policy Education Center, Washington, DC. He previously served in the Senate as a nuclear and military legislative aide, in the Pentagon as Deputy for Nonproliferation Policy, and as a full-time consultant on proliferation issues in the Secretary of Defense’s Office of Net Assessment. Mr. Sokolski also served as a member of the Central Intelligence Agency’s Senior Advisory Group, on two Congressional nuclear proliferation commissions, and has authored and edited numerous volumes on strategic weapons proliferation, including Best of Intentions: America’s Campaign against Strategic Weapons Proliferation.

*The above information may not be current. It was current at the time when the individual worked for SSI or was published by SSI.

SSI books and monographs by Mr. Henry D. Sokolski

  • Underestimated: Our Not So Peaceful Nuclear Future, Second Edition

    August 22, 2018

    Authored by Mr. Henry D. Sokolski.
    View the Executive Summary

    Underestimated: Our Not So Peaceful Nuclear Future, Second Edition explores what nuclear future we may face over the next 3 decades and how we currently think about this future. Will nuclear weapons spread in the next 20 years to more nations than just North Korea and possibly Iran? How dire will the consequences be? What might help us avoid the worst?

  • Should We Let the Bomb Spread?

    November 22, 2016

    Edited by Mr. Henry D. Sokolski.
    View the Executive Summary

    With nuclear proliferation in South Asia, the Middle East, and East Asia intensifying, the spread of nuclear arms increasingly is viewed as being more of a fact than a problem to be solved. However, is proliferation truly inevitable? More important, will it bring disastrous wars, a new era of mutually deterred peace, or is it ultimately inconsequential? This volume taps the nation’s leading nuclear deterrence and proliferation experts for the answers. The result is a rich debate that goes well beyond current scholarship to challenge the very basis of prevailing nonproliferation and security policies.

  • Underestimated: Our Not So Peaceful Nuclear Future

    December 22, 2015

    Authored by Mr. Henry D. Sokolski.
    View the Executive Summary

    Underestimated: Our Not So Peaceful Nuclear Future explores what nuclear future we may face over the next 3 decades and how we currently think about this future. Will nuclear weapons spread in the next 20 years to more nations than just North Korea and possibly Iran? How great will the consequences be? What can be done?

  • Nuclear Weapons Materials Gone Missing: What Does History Teach?

    November 06, 2014

    Edited by Mr. Henry D. Sokolski.
    View the Executive Summary

    Ever since President Obama spotlighted nuclear terrorism as one of the top threats to international security, guarding and disposing of nuclear weapons-useable materials have become top international priorities.

  • Moving Beyond Pretense: Nuclear Power and Nonproliferation

    June 17, 2014

    Edited by Mr. Henry D. Sokolski.
    View the Executive Summary

    The further proliferation and possible use of nuclear weapons are among the very greatest threats to U.S. and international security, yet most governments and industry officials downplay the risks of civilian nuclear technology and materials being diverted to make bombs. They use this optimistic assessment in formulating U.S. and international nuclear trade and nonproliferation policies. This volume taps the insights and analyses of 13 top nuclear and security experts to weigh the validity of their narrative. The result is a comprehensive counternarrative that recommends a significant tightening of current nonproliferation controls.

  • Nuclear Weapons Security Crises: What Does History Teach?

    July 30, 2013

    Edited by Mr. Henry D. Sokolski, Dr. Bruno Tertrais.
    View the Executive Summary

    What do China’s Cultural Revolution, a coup in French Algeria, the fall of the Soviet Union, and the changing nature of the Pakistani government have in common? All represent situations when the respective governments came close to losing control of their nuclear arsenals during political crises. This volume reveals previously unknown details about the four cases and offers additional analysis and lessons learned by leading scholars.

  • The Next Arms Race

    July 25, 2012

    Edited by Mr. Henry D. Sokolski.
    As the United States and Russia negotiate to bring their number of deployed nuclear weapons down, China, India, Pakistan, and Israel continue to bump their numbers up while a growing number of smaller states develop “peaceful” nuclear programs that will bring them closer to getting bombs if they choose. Welcome to the brave new world of tighter, more opaque nuclear competitions, the focus of The Next Arms Race—a must read for policy analysts and planners eager to understand and prevent the worst.

  • Nuclear Power's Global Expansion: Weighing Its Costs and Risks

    December 31, 2010

    Edited by Mr. Henry D. Sokolski.
    Will the global spread of nuclear power programs, which could bring many more countries much closer to acquiring nuclear weapons capabilities, be an inevitable consequence of energy market economics? Or is such an expansion impossible without government subsidies and new policies to support them? This volume showcases the analyses of some of the world’s leading energy experts to shed light on this key 21st century security issue.

  • Reviewing the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT)

    April 29, 2010

    Edited by Mr. Henry D. Sokolski.
    Why does the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT) warrant support as a nonproliferation convention?

  • Pakistan's Nuclear Future: Reining in the Risk

    January 19, 2010

    Edited by Mr. Henry D. Sokolski.
    With any attempt to assess security threats, there is a natural tendency to focus first on the worst. Consider the most recent appraisals of Pakistan’s nuclear program. Normally, the risk of war between Pakistan and India, and possible nuclear escalation, would be bad enough. Now, however, most American security experts are riveted on the frightening possibility of Pakistani nuclear weapons capabilities falling into the hands of terrorists who are intent on attacking the United States. Presented with the horrific implications of such an attack, the American public and media have increasingly come to view nearly all Pakistani security issues through this lens.

  • Nuclear Heuristics: Selected Writings of Albert and Roberta Wohlstetter

    January 26, 2009

    Edited by Mr. Robert Zarate, Mr. Henry D. Sokolski.
    Pioneers of nuclear-age policy analysis, Albert Wohlstetter (1913-1997) and Roberta Wohlstetter (1912-2007) emerged as two of America's most consequential, innovative and controversial strategists. Through the clarity of their thinking, the rigor of their research, and the persistence of their personalities, they were able to shape the views and aid the decisions of Democratic and Republican policy makers both during and after the Cold War. Although the Wohlstetters' strategic concepts and analytical methods continue to be highly influential, no book has brought together their most important published and unpublished essays--until now.

  • Falling Behind: International Scrutiny of the Peaceful Atom

    February 27, 2008

    Edited by Mr. Henry D. Sokolski.
    If possible, it would be useful to enhance the International Atomic Energy Agency’s ability to detect and prevent nuclear diversions. This would not only reduce the current risk of nuclear proliferation, it would make the further expansion of nuclear power much less risky.

  • Pakistan's Nuclear Future: Worries Beyond War

    January 16, 2008

    Edited by Mr. Henry D. Sokolski.
    After Pakistani President Musharraf imposed a state of emergency in November 2007, the political turmoil that followed raised concerns that Pakistan’s nuclear assets might be vulnerable to diversion or misuse. This volume details precisely what these worries might be.

  • Gauging U.S.-Indian Strategic Cooperation

    March 05, 2007

    Edited by Mr. Henry D. Sokolski.
    The volume offers U.S. and Indian policy and law makers a detailed checklist of things to watch, avoid, and try to achieve in order to assure U.S.-Indian strategic cooperation succeeds.

  • Taming the Next Set of Strategic Weapons Threats

    July 12, 2006

    Edited by Mr. Henry D. Sokolski.
    Long discounted by arms control critics, traditional nonproliferation efforts now are undergoing urgent review and reconsideration even by their supporters. Why? In large part, because the current crop of nonproliferation understandings are ill-suited to check the spread of emerging long-range missile, biological, and nuclear technologies.

  • Getting Ready for a Nuclear-Ready Iran

    November 01, 2005

    Edited by Mr. Henry D. Sokolski, Mr. Patrick Clawson.
    This book examines what additional security threats Iran might pose as it becomes increasingly capable of making nuclear weapons, what steps the United States and its friends might take to deter and contain it, and what should be done to assure Iran's neighbors do not follow in Tehran's nuclear footsteps.

  • Getting MAD: Nuclear Mutual Assured Destruction, Its Origins and Practice

    November 01, 2004

    Edited by Mr. Henry D. Sokolski.
    With the deployment of defenses of American cities against missile attacks, the Bush administration has explicitly rejected the strategic doctrine of nuclear mutually assured destruction (MAD). But what exactly is this doctrine? Where did it come from? To what extent did the nuclear weapons powers ever adopt it, and how much sense does it make today? Getting MAD, the first critical history of this influential line of strategic thinking, supplies the answers.

  • Checking Iran's Nuclear Ambitions

    January 01, 2004

    Edited by Mr. Henry D. Sokolski, Mr. Patrick Clawson.
    The fear about what Iran might do with nuclear weapons is fed by the concern that Tehran has no clear reason to be pursuing nuclear weapons. The strategic rationale for Iran's nuclear program is by no means obvious. Unlike proliferators such as Israel or Pakistan, Iran faces no historic enemy who would welcome an opportunity to wipe the state off the face of the earth.

  • Beyond Nunn-Lugar: Curbing the Next Wave of Weapons Proliferation Threats from Russia

    April 01, 2002

    Edited by Mr. Thomas Riisager, Mr. Henry D. Sokolski.
    Originally commissioned by the NPEC as part of a study on the future of U.S.-Russian nonproliferation cooperation. It is different from other studies of U.S.-Russian cooperation because it relies on competitive strategies, which detail how best to pit one's strengths against a competitor's weaknesses in a series of moves and countermoves. The goal is to devise strategies that force one's competitor to spend more time and resources shoring up his weaknesses than in taking offensive action.

  • Planning for a Peaceful Korea

    February 01, 2001

    Authored by Mr. Henry D. Sokolski.
    With the change of administrations in Washington, current U.S. policy toward North Korea will naturally undergo review and scrutiny. The essays in this volume offer an option to the current engagement approach. The authors suggest an alternative strategy for promoting peace and security in the Korean peninsula different from the ones contemplated or implemented by Washington in recent years.

  • Prevailing in a Well-Armed World: Devising Competitive Strategies Against Weapons Proliferation

    March 01, 2000

    Edited by Mr. Henry D. Sokolski.
    This book provides insights into the competitive strategies methodology. The book also demonstrates the strengths of the competitive strategies approach as an instrument for examining U.S. policy. The method focuses on policies regarding the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction.