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All Publications By Date

21 Publications Found in 2019

Added July 23, 2019
Type: Monograph
Recommendations for Success in Afghanistan
Edited by Dr. M. Chris Mason.
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The United States will soon enter the 18th year of combat operations in Afghanistan. This monograph explores what approaches to stabilize the country have been tried and if they are working.
Added June 04, 2019
Type: Monograph
Deterrence in the Nordic-Baltic Region: The Role of the Nordic Countries Together With the U.S. Army
Authored by Brigadier General Juha Pyykönen, Dr. Stefan Forss.
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With enhanced cooperation from the U.S. Army, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization’s Nordic partner nations could combine efforts with each other and with the Alliance to deliver effective and visible regional deterrence against a resurgent Russia in the Nordic-Baltic region. This monograph by two leading Finnish defense academics explores the regional defense environment and optimum roles for the United States.
Added May 23, 2019
Type: Monograph
Extremist Migration: A Foreign Jihadist Fighter Threat Assessment
Authored by Dr. Shima D. Keene.
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This monograph provides an assessment of the emerging threat posed by foreign jihadist fighters following the reduction in territory controlled by the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) and recommends ways that the U.S. Army should address the issues highlighted.
Added May 21, 2019
Type: Monograph
An Unnatural Partnership? The Future of U.S.-India Strategic Cooperation
Authored by Dr. Sumit Ganguly, Dr. M. Chris Mason.
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As global competition with an increasingly assertive Chinese Government expands, the strategic relationship between India and the United States is assuming ever-greater importance. From a superficial perspective, a strategic partnership seems to make a great deal of sense for both countries. Yet, enormous political, cultural, and structural obstacles remain between them, which continue to slow the progress in security cooperation to a crawl, relative to China’s economic and military advances. The authors explore these impediments frankly and suggest practical ways to build trust and establish confidence.
Added May 08, 2019
Type: Monograph
A Whole-of-Government Approach to Gray Zone Warfare
Authored by Ms. Elizabeth G. Troeder.
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This monograph provides an assessment of gray zone tactics used by the most active U.S. adversaries and builds the case for requiring U.S. Federal agencies to request that the Deputy National Security Advisor convene a National Security Council/Deputies Committee (NSC/DC) meeting whenever any Federal agency deems a gray zone approach to an international issue is appropriate. It also recommends that the United States should pursue the development of a standing National Security Council/Policy Coordination Committee (NSC/PCC) for gray zone solutions, with sub-NSC/PCCs for each component of the 4+1 (Russia, China, Iraq, North Korea, and violent extremist organizations) so that experts can be quickly assembled in times of crisis.
Added May 07, 2019
Type: Monograph
Maneuver and Manipulation: On the Military Strategy of Online Information Warfare
Authored by Mr. Tim Hwang.
View the Executive Summary

How should the defense community best organize to combat modern campaigns of propaganda and disinformation? Without a broader strategic concept of the nature of the challenge posed by these techniques, current efforts and investments run the risk of simply chasing the latest tactics without establishing enduring security. This monograph offers a way forward, proposing a cohesive strategic framework for thinking about modern information warfare and its effective conduct.
Added April 30, 2019
Type: Monograph
Command Decision: Ethical Leadership in the Information Environment
Authored by Mr. Keir Giles.
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Big data amplifies a classical problem of military leadership, namely, making critical decisions based on limited and often unreliable information. This monograph considers three leadership models that provide an alternative to an overreliance on technological solutions to address new challenges emerging at the various stages of the intelligence process.
Added April 05, 2019
Type: Article
Strategic Insights: Five Myths Associated With Employing Private Military Companies
Authored by Dr. C. Anthony Pfaff, Dr. Edward Mienie.
Added April 05, 2019
Type: Monograph
Grand Strategy is Attrition: The Logic of Integrating Various Forms of Power in Conflict
Authored by Dr. Lukas Milevski.
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Grand strategy may be many things to many people, but its logic is often poorly understood. Focusing on the foundation of grand strategy as the combination of military and non-military power in war, Dr. Lukas Milevski elucidates the logic of grand strategy and of how disparate forms of power can be constructively employed together. He considers how the introduction of military force and violence alters the meaning and plausible effects of non-military pressure and identifies what space is still left open for non-military power to make an impact within the adversarial context of war.
Added March 29, 2019
Type: Monograph
Air Power and Warfare: A Century of Theory and History
Authored by Dr. Tami Davis Biddle.
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Tami Davis Biddle analyzes the historical record of air power over the past 100 years. Her monograph, designed for the student of strategy, is intended to provide both a concise introduction to the topic and a framework for thinking intelligently about air power, particularly aerial bombing.
Added March 20, 2019
Type: Monograph
Deterring Russia in the Gray Zone
Authored by Lieutenant Colonel Michael C. McCarthy, Commander Matthew A. Moyer, Colonel Brett H. Venable.
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The United States is being challenged by a resurgent Russia in the conceptual space between war and peace commonly referred to as the “gray zone.” Failure to address Russia’s aggression now will have lasting, detrimental effects on U.S. national security interests. This monograph offers U.S. policymakers a menu of strategic options spanning the instruments of national power to deter Russia in the gray zone.
Added March 18, 2019
Type: Monograph
The Army Role in Achieving Deterrence in Cyberspace
Authored by Mr. Jeffrey L. Caton.
View the Executive Summary

The U.S. tradition of pursuing national-level deterrence has developed and evolved significantly since the introduction of the Monroe Doctrine in 1823. Since the United States has stated publicly that it has vital interests in cyberspace, it is prudent for the Nation to achieve deterrence in this relatively new realm. What is the current U.S. deterrence posture for cyberspace? What are the U.S. Army’s roles in cyberspace deterrence?
Added March 07, 2019
Type: Monograph
Conventional Deterrence and Landpower in Northeastern Europe
Authored by Dr. Alexander Lanoszka, Dr. Michael A. Hunzeker.
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The Baltic region faces a challenging and uncertain future amid Russian provocation, subversion, and aggression. Though the United States, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), and its Baltic allies are already taking action, this monograph recommends a hedging strategy to help the U.S. Army further enhance defense and deterrence measures along NATO’s northeastern flank.
Added March 05, 2019
Type: Book
Two Case Studies of Successful Strategic Communication Campaigns
Authored by Dr. Thomas P. Galvin.
View the Executive Summary

Strategic communication has historically been cited as a weakness in U.S. military operations. Failures are easy to identify. However, what does right look like? Rarely are they discussed, perhaps because it is difficult to know when a campaign achieved enough of the desired effects such that leaders can claim success. In this book, Dr. Thomas P. Galvin explores two cases of successful communication campaigns conducted by military organizations as measured by their long-term effects and offers a thought process for developing new campaigns.
Added February 22, 2019
Type: Monograph
What Next for Russia’s Front-Line States?
Authored by Mr. Keir Giles.
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This Letort Paper examines the continuity and the changes in the foreign policy posture of Russia’s front-line states following intervention in Ukraine in 2014.
Added February 15, 2019
Type: Monograph
Implications of Service Cyberspace Component Commands for Army Cyberspace Operations
Authored by Mr. Jeffrey L. Caton.
View the Executive Summary

The first 7 years of U.S. Cyber Command operations are paved with milestones that mark the steady operationalization of modern cyberspace as the newest domain of military conflict as well as a realm of international power. The creation of the Cyber Mission Force and Joint Force Headquarters-Cyber are significant steps toward improving the timeliness and effectiveness of cyberspace operations that directly support combatant commands and the whole-of-government responses to cyberspace threats. It focuses on the central question: “What is the context in which different military services approach cyberspace component operations internally as well as with the Department of Defense?”
Added February 11, 2019
Type: Monograph
Contemporary Chemical Weapons Use in Syria and Iraq by the Assad Regime and the Islamic State
Authored by Dr. Robert J. Bunker.
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This monograph focuses on an understudied, yet a critically important and timely, component of land warfare related to the battlefield use of chemical weapons by contemporary threat forces. It provides an overview of the Assad Regime’s and the Islamic State’s chemical warfare capabilities and analyzes their respective use of chemical weapons in Syria and Iraq. It then provides lessons learned that will serve to influence U.S. Army policy and planning considerations vis-à-vis its support of Joint Force implementation of National Command Authority guidance.
Added January 31, 2019
Type: Monograph
Examining the Roles of Army Reserve Component Forces in Military Cyberspace Operations
Authored by Mr. Jeffrey L. Caton.
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Cyberspace operations have become pervasive in the United States, and they enable many aspects of modern life for the average citizen, such as entertainment, communication, education, transportation, banking, and voting. The continuing development of the U.S. Army and Department of Defense (DoD) Reserve component cyberspace units can leverage the capabilities and experience of industry and academia to help protect critical information infrastructure and enhance national security. What opportunities and challenges surround the integration of these forces into a still-evolving joint cyberspace force?
Added January 29, 2019
Type: Monograph
Scenario Planning and Strategy in the Pentagon
Authored by Dr. Michael Fitzsimmons.
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Scenario planning is an important tool for defense strategy and force development, but numerous conceptual and bureaucratic obstacles have limited its influence over time. This monograph examines the recent history and challenges of scenario planning in the Pentagon and offers recommendations to improve its effectiveness.
Added January 17, 2019
Type: Book
The U.S. Army in the Iraq War – Volume 1: Invasion – Insurgency – Civil War, 2003-2006
Edited by COL Joel D. Rayburn, COL Frank K. Sobchak.
View the Executive Summary

Originally commissioned by Chief of Staff of the Army General Raymond T. Odierno, The U.S. Army in the Iraq War is the Army’s interim examination of military operations in Iraq from 2003 to 2011. This study, published in two volumes, is a narrative history that tells the story of U.S. forces in Iraq, mainly from the perspective of the theater command in Baghdad and the operational commands immediately subordinate to it. It focuses at the operational level of war, exploring the decisions and intent of the senior three- and four-star commanders and how these decisions effected the course of the war over time. This work was built from over 30,000 pages of previously unavailable declassified documents and hundreds of hours of interviews with senior defense leaders. While the Army will eventually publish a comprehensive, official “Green Book” history that describes Operation IRAQI FREEDOM in greater depth, this study is being released now in order that key lessons, insights, and innovations from this period of the conflict are available to the next generation of Soldiers and leaders to study, learn from, and adapt to ensure the future readiness of our Army and the Joint Force.
Added January 17, 2019
Type: Book
The U.S. Army in the Iraq War – Volume 2: Surge and Withdrawal, 2007-2011
Edited by COL Joel D. Rayburn, COL Frank K. Sobchak.
View the Executive Summary

Originally commissioned by Chief of Staff of the Army General Raymond T. Odierno, The U.S. Army in the Iraq War is the Army’s interim examination of military operations in Iraq from 2003 to 2011. This study, published in two volumes, is a narrative history that tells the story of U.S. forces in Iraq, mainly from the perspective of the theater command in Baghdad and the operational commands immediately subordinate to it. It focuses at the operational level of war, exploring the decisions and intent of the senior three- and four-star commanders and how these decisions effected the course of the war over time. This work was built from over 30,000 pages of previously unavailable declassified documents and hundreds of hours of interviews with senior defense leaders. While the Army will eventually publish a comprehensive, official “Green Book” history that describes Operation IRAQI FREEDOM in greater depth, this study is being released now in order that key lessons, insights, and innovations from this period of the conflict are available to the next generation of Soldiers and leaders to study, learn from, and adapt to ensure the future readiness of our Army and the Joint Force.

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