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All Publications By Date

57 Publications Found in 2008

Added December 23, 2008
Type: Monograph
HAMAS and Israel: Conflicting Strategies of Group-Based Politics
Authored by Dr. Sherifa D. Zuhur.
The changing fortunes of the Palestinian movement, HAMAS, and the recent outcomes of Israeli strategies aimed against this group and Palestinian nationalism external to the Fatah faction of the Palestinian Authority are discussed. The example of HAMAS challenges much of the current wisdom on “insurgencies” and their containment. Efforts have been made to separate HAMAS from its popular support and network of social and charitable organizations.
Added December 16, 2008
Type: Monograph
War without Borders: The Colombia-Ecuador Crisis of 2008
Authored by Dr. Gabriel Marcella.
The concept of war without borders is used to analyze the strategic implications of the Colombian attack against a FARC camp inside Ecuadorean territory on March 1, 2008. Lessons learned apply directly to the policy of the United States and the hemispheric community.
Added December 08, 2008
Type: Op-Ed
Russia Challenges the Obama Administration
Authored by Dr. Stephen J. Blank.
Each month a member of the SSI faculty writes an editorial for our monthly newsletter. This is the Op-Ed for the December 2008 newsletter.
Added November 07, 2008
Type: Student (Carlisle) Papers
Unity of Command in Afghanistan: A Forsaken Principle of War
Authored by COL Ian Hope.
The author discusses the traditional importance of unity of command in American doctrine and practice from World War I until now, and how this principle has been forsaken in the evolution of military command for Afghanistan. He argues for a renewal of understanding of the importance of unity of command and recommends amending the Unified Command Plan to invest one "supreme commander" with responsibility for the current Operation ENDURING FREEDOM Joint Operations Area.
Added November 04, 2008
Type: Monograph
Known Unknowns: Unconventional "Strategic Shocks" in Defense Strategy Development
Authored by Mr. Nathan P. Freier.
Historically, defense strategy demonstrates three flaws: (1) it is generally reactive, (2) it lacks sufficient strategic imagination, and (3) as a result, it is vulnerable to surprise. The current administration confronted a game-changing “strategic shock” in its first 8 months in office. The next team would be well-advised to expect the same kind of unconventional and nonmilitary shock to DoD convention early in its first term.
Added October 31, 2008
Type: Op-Ed
Living Perilously in a Bubble
Authored by Dr. Leonard Wong.
Each month a member of the SSI faculty writes an editorial for our monthly newsletter. This is the Op-Ed for the November 2008 newsletter.
Added October 29, 2008
Type: Monograph
Slowing Military Change
Authored by Dr. Zhivan Alach.
The author revises, reexamines, and reevaluates the contemporary military environment. He finds that the environment is a period of relative military stasis, of slow technological development, and of little novelty in broader issues. If anything, it is a return to an older period, of the time before the Cold War, before the fear of nuclear war dominated all other thinking in the field.
Added October 27, 2008
Type: Colloquium Brief
PLA Missions Beyond Taiwan
Authored by Mr. Marc Miller.
Analysis of China’s armed forces tends to focus on its role in a potential Taiwan scenario, given that the PLA retains a central mission in the reunification of Taiwan or prevention of its independence. However, it is also becoming clear that China’s interests and foreign policy objectives are growing with its increasing power and international stature. As a result, it is reasonable to expect the PLA to be asked to perform a wider variety of missions in support of Chinese interests and objectives, from disaster and humanitarian relief and United Nations peacekeeping operations; to counterterrorism and border defense; to outer space and cyber space security; and extending to the protection of ethnic Chinese abroad.
Added October 22, 2008
Type: Colloquium Report
Leadership and National Security Reform: The Next President's Agenda
Edited by Dr. Joseph R. Cerami, Dr. Robert H. Dorff, Ms. Lisa Moorman.
The Bush School of Government and Public Service held a conference on “Leadership and National Security Reform: The Next President’s Agenda” on March 20, 2008, at the Annenberg Presidential Conference Center, Texas A&M University. The conference addressed national and international security reforms and the next presidency.
Added October 01, 2008
Type: Op-Ed
Dueling Natures
Authored by Dr. Antulio J. Echevarria, II.
Each month a member of the SSI faculty writes an editorial for our monthly newsletter. This is the Op-Ed for the October 2008 newsletter.
Added September 30, 2008
Type: Colloquium Report
Stability Operations and State Building: Continuities and Contingencies
Edited by Colonel Greg Kaufmann, U.S.A., Ret..
The current age of state building may be traced back at least to U.S. involvement in the various Balkan conflicts. But with the advent of the Global War on Terror and the subsequent interventions in Afghanistan and Iraq, the U.S. military, especially the Army and the Marines Corps, has been faced with an unprecedented challenge to reestablish entire countries and rebuild their institutions.
Added September 25, 2008
Type: Monograph
The 2006 Lebanon Campaign and the Future of Warfare: Implications for Army and Defense Policy
Authored by Dr. Stephen D. Biddle, Mr. Jeffrey A. Friedman.
Critics of irregular-warfare transformation often cite the 2006 Lebanon campaign as evidence that modern nonstate actors can wage conventional warfare in state-like ways. This analysis assesses this claim via a detailed analysis of Hezbollah’s conduct of the campaign at the tactical through theater-strategic levels of war.
Added September 17, 2008
Type: Book
The "People" in the PLA: Recruitment, Training, and Education in China's Military
Edited by Mr. Roy Kamphausen, Dr. Andrew Scobell, Mr. Travis Tanner.
On September 28, 2007, under the joint leadership of the U.S. Army War College’s Strategic Studies Institute and NBR’s Pyle Center for Northeast Asian Studies, approximately 70 leading experts on the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) convened at Carlisle Barracks, PA, for a 2-day discussion on the Chinese military’s human infrastructure. Presentations and discussions focused on identifying trends in PLA recruitment, education, training, personnel management, and demographics.
Added September 03, 2008
Type: Op-Ed
The View from There
Authored by Dr. Sherifa D. Zuhur.
Each month a member of the SSI faculty writes an editorial for our monthly newsletter. This is the Op-Ed for the September 2008 newsletter.
Added August 27, 2008
Type: Monograph
U.S. Counterterrorism in Sub-Saharan Africa: Understanding Costs, Cultures, and Conflicts
Authored by Dr. Donovan C. Chau.
The global conflict against Islamic terrorists and their perceived threat to the United States have propelled the African continent into U.S. counterterrorism policy. The challenges facing the United States are widespread and long term, requiring deep knowledge and understanding of sub-Saharan Africa.
Added August 08, 2008
Type: Monograph
The American Military Advisor: Dealing with Senior Foreign Officials in the Islamic World
Authored by Mr. Michael J. Metrinko.
Using different weapons and different skill sets, the military officer serving as an advisor can win--or lose--important battles. His relationship with foreign officials affects overall American strategy, and can translate into long-term victory for the United States.
Added August 06, 2008
Type: Monograph
China-Russia Security Relations: Strategic Parallelism without Partnership or Passion?
Authored by Dr. Richard Weitz.
This report maintains that, although Chinese-Russian relations have improved along several important dimensions, security cooperation between Beijing and Moscow has remained limited, episodic, and tenuous. Nevertheless, U.S. national security planners should prepare for possible major discontinuities in Sino-Russian relations. American officials should pursue a mixture of “shaping and hedging” policies that aim to avert a hostile Chinese-Russian alignment while preparing the United States to better counter one, should it nevertheless arise.
Added July 31, 2008
Type: Op-Ed
Real Change or Retrenchment?
Authored by Dr. Douglas V. Johnson, II.
Each month a member of the SSI faculty writes an editorial for our monthly newsletter. This is the Op-Ed for the August 2008 newsletter.
Added July 16, 2008
Type: Book
Key Strategic Issues List, July 2008
Edited by Dr. Antulio J. Echevarria, II.
The Key Strategic Issues List gives researchers, whether military professionals or civilian scholars, a ready reference of those issues of particular interest to the Department of the Army and the Department of Defense. Its focus is strategic, rather than operational or tactical. Every year, the KSIL helps guide research efforts to the mutual benefit of the defense community and individual researchers.
Added July 15, 2008
Type: Colloquium Brief
Civil-Military Relations in a Post-9/11 World
Authored by Dr. Leonard Wong.
The participants in this colloquium sought to examine three general areas: the roles and responsibilities of military leaders and changes in the relationship between civilian and military leaders. Experts from the military, government, and academia presented their not-for-attribution assessments and recommendations for further increasing U.S. effectiveness in civil-military relations.
Added July 07, 2008
Type: Op-Ed
Expand the U.S. Military? Not So Fast
Authored by Dr. Steven Metz.
Each month a member of the SSI faculty writes an editorial for our monthly newsletter. This is the Op-Ed for the July 2008 newsletter.
Added June 19, 2008
Type: Colloquium Brief
State of the U.S. Military Reserve Components
Authored by Mr. Ralph Wipfli, Dr. Dallas D. Owens.
On March 6, 2008, the 21st Century Defense Initiative and the Strategic Studies Institute held a seminar entitled “The State of the U.S. Military Reserve Components.” This seminar focused on the future mission sets and priorities, personnel policies, and deployment of National Guard and Reserve troops.
Added June 12, 2008
Type: Monograph
Wars of Ideas and the War of Ideas
Authored by Dr. Antulio J. Echevarria, II.
The author discusses several types of wars of ideas so as to achieve a better understanding of what wars of ideas are.
Added June 09, 2008
Type: Book
U.S. Army War College Guide to National Security Issues, Vol. I: Theory of War and Strategy, 3rd Edition
Edited by Dr. J. Boone Bartholomees, Jr.
Volume I of the U.S. Army War College Guide (USAWC) to National Security Issues corresponds roughly to one of the two core courses that the Department of National Security and Strategy (DNSS) teaches: “Theory of War and Strategy.”
Added June 09, 2008
Type: Book
U.S. Army War College Guide to National Security Issues, Vol. II: National Security Policy and Strategy, 3rd Edition
Edited by Dr. J. Boone Bartholomees, Jr.
Volume II of the U.S. Army War College Guide (USAWC) to National Security Issues corresponds roughly to one of the two core courses that the Department of National Security and Strategy (DNSS) teaches: “National Security Policy and Strategy.”
Added June 03, 2008
Type: Monograph
From the New Middle Ages to a New Dark Age: The Decline of the State and U.S. Strategy
Authored by Dr. Phil Williams.
The author contends that the long-term decline of the state will move the world into a New Dark Age in which the forces of chaos and disorder will be almost overwhelming. Alternative options for the U.S. response to the security challenges posed by such an environment are examined.
Added June 03, 2008
Type: Op-Ed
Chavez - The Beginning of the End
Authored by Dr. Alex Crowther.
Each month a member of the SSI faculty writes an editorial for our monthly newsletter. This is the Op-Ed for the June 2008 newsletter.
Added May 27, 2008
Type: Colloquium Brief
Borders: Technology and Security--Strategic Responses to New Challenges
Authored by Dr. Douglas V. Johnson, II.
A border is both a place of separation and connection, intended to be a barrier to the unwanted—particularly criminal, illegal, or specifically terrorist entry—but simultaneously a connecting point for legitimate trade, services, and knowledge.
Added May 16, 2008
Type: Monograph
U.S. Foreign Policy and Regime Instability
Authored by Dr. James Meernik.
Do American military ties with other nations help prevent violence and terrorism? Or are foreign states more likely to experience domestic unrest and instability in part because of an American military presence?
Added May 02, 2008
Type: Op-Ed
The Second Berlin Wall
Authored by LTC Raymond A. Millen.
Each month a member of the SSI faculty writes an editorial for our monthly newsletter. This is the Op-Ed for the May 2008 newsletter.
Added May 01, 2008
Type: Book
Global Climate Change National Security Implications
Edited by Dr. Carolyn Pumphrey.
Contributors to this volume agree that climate change is a threat deserving of serious attention. They stress the need for greater planning and coordination and for further research as well as the utility of engagement—military to military and state to state—on environmental issues. They differ as to whether the Armed Forces should play a leading or supporting role, but agree that they can—and already do—make a valuable contribution.
Added April 28, 2008
Type: Student (Carlisle) Papers
Prospects from Korean Unification
Authored by Colonel, Australian Army David Coghlan.
For a number of reasons, many of which are self-induced, the United States is in danger of losing, or may have already lost, the strategic initiative in Korea to the People's Republic of China. Given time, the ramifications of ceding the initiative to China may result in a unified Korea tilted toward Beijing.
Added April 18, 2008
Type: Book
Precision in the Global War on Terror: Inciting Muslims through the War of Ideas
Authored by Dr. Sherifa D. Zuhur.
This monograph identifies a set of approaches to Muslim beliefs and institutions that pathologize these important issues. The author contends that this pathologizing impulse may be beneficial in rallying Americans to the defense of their nation, but it might impede the international cooperation necessary to that endeavor. She also aims to educate the reader about the value inherent in particular concepts that could be controversial but are part of Muslims' historical legacy.
Added April 17, 2008
Type: Monograph
Baloch Nationalism and the Geopolitics of Energy Resources: The Changing Context of Separatism in Pakistan
Authored by Dr. Robert J. Wirsing.
The author argues that Pakistan’s rapidly mounting energy insecurity magnifies the economic and strategic importance of Pakistan’s sprawling and energy-critical southwestern province of Balochistan, while it simultaneously complicates Pakistan’s efforts for coping with the province’s simmering Baloch tribal separatist insurgency. He concludes that Pakistan’s government needs to overhaul its counterinsurgent policies to avoid protracted conflict and to enlist the Baloch as partners in energy development, not antagonists of it.
Added April 14, 2008
Type: Book
The Evolution of U.S. Turkish Relations in a Transatlantic Context
Edited by Dr. Frances G. Burwell.
Since World War II, the relationship between Turkey and the United States has been characterized by periods of remarkable cooperation, even when significant disagreements existed.
Added April 03, 2008
Type: Op-Ed
The Strategy Deficit
Authored by Mr. Nathan P. Freier.
Each month a member of the SSI faculty writes an editorial for our monthly newsletter. This is the Op-Ed for the April 2008 newsletter.
Added March 24, 2008
Type: Monograph
Projecting Pyongyang: The Future of North Korea's Kim Jong Il Regime
Authored by Dr. Andrew Scobell.
The author explores the future of the regime of Kim Jong Il, constructs a number of scenarios, and then identifies the most plausible one.
Added March 21, 2008
Type: Monograph
Building for the Future: China's Progress in Space Technology during the Tenth 5-Year Plan and the U.S. Response
Authored by Mr. Kevin Pollpeter.
This report assesses the progress of China’s space program during the Tenth 5-year Plan (2001-05), examines the implications of this rise, and proposes a course of action for managing the effects of increased competition on the U.S. space program.
Added March 20, 2008
Type: Monograph
The Political Context Behind Successful Revolutionary Movements, Three Case Studies: Vietnam (1955-63), Algeria (1945-62), and Nicaragua (1967-79)
Authored by LTC Raymond A. Millen.
The author examines the extent to which some states create the conditions for revolutionary movements to flourish. He explores how the governments in Vietnam (1955-63), Algeria (1945-62), and Nicaragua (1967-79) unintentionally empowered revolutionary movements, resulting in these governments’ demise.
Added March 14, 2008
Type: Monograph
Security Sector Reform in Liberia: Mixed Results from Humble Beginnings
Authored by Mr. Mark Malan.
The author describes the state of the armed forces and the police in post-war Liberia, evaluates the ongoing process of security sector reform, and makes recommendations to the United Nations and the U.S. Government on consolidating military and police transformation
Added March 12, 2008
Type: Colloquium Brief
Opportunities for Engaging Minorities
Authored by Dr. Dallas D. Owens.
A colloquium titled “Opportunities For Engaging Minority Communities in Securing Our Nation” was held on February 11, 2008, at The Research Triangle Park, North Carolina, and addressed methods for successful engagement by security and public health agencies with Latino, Muslim, and at-risk communities.
Added March 12, 2008
Type: Monograph
Drug Intoxicated Irregular Fighters: Complications, Dangers, and Responses
Authored by Dr. Paul Rexton Kan.
The presence of drugged fighters is not unknown in the history of warfare. Irregular fighters have found a ready supply of narcotics for a variety of combat purposes. Such consumption has led to unpredictable fighting, the commission of atrocities, and to the prolongation of internal violence.
Added March 04, 2008
Type: Monograph
Towards a New Russia Policy
Authored by Dr. Stephen J. Blank.
Russia presents an ever greater challenge to American policy and interests. This monograph analyzes the dimensions of Russian threat perception, the mainsprings and goals of contemporary Russian foreign policy, and the requirements for a coherent U.S. strategy to meet that challenge across the entire agenda of Russo-American and East-West relations.
Added March 03, 2008
Type: Op-Ed
After Fidel, The Deluge?
Authored by Dr. Alex Crowther.
Each month a member of the SSI faculty writes an editorial for our monthly newsletter. This is the Op-Ed for the March 2008 newsletter.
Added February 27, 2008
Type: Book
Falling Behind: International Scrutiny of the Peaceful Atom
Edited by Mr. Henry D. Sokolski.
If possible, it would be useful to enhance the International Atomic Energy Agency’s ability to detect and prevent nuclear diversions. This would not only reduce the current risk of nuclear proliferation, it would make the further expansion of nuclear power much less risky.
Added February 25, 2008
Type: Monograph
The North Korean Ballistic Missile Program
Authored by Dr. Daniel A. Pinkston.
North Korea has never officially abandoned its objective of “completing the revolution in the south” and has continued an alarming military buildup. The ballistic missile inventory now totals about 800 road-mobile missiles, including about 200 Nodong missiles that could strike Japan.
Added February 19, 2008
Type: Monograph
Dissent and Strategic Leadership of the Military Professions
Authored by Dr. Don M. Snider.
Were the actions in 2006 by the senior military leaders who participated in the “Revolt of the Generals” justified? Or were there real costs incurred by the military professions they represented, costs that can only be seen when examined in terms of the critical trust relationship that empower such professions?
Added February 08, 2008
Type: Book
Developing Strategic Leaders for the 21st Century
Authored by Dr. Jeffrey D. McCausland.
The attack on the World Trade Center and subsequent conflicts in both Iraq and Afghanistan changed forever how Americans think about “national security.” These events expanded not only the number and scope of issues, but also the overall complexity of the process. Consequently, the requirement for interagency decisionmaking accelerated, demands for greater policy flexibility increased, and an interagency process that was largely confined to a few departments of the Federal Government now involves a multitude of new players and allied states.
Added February 05, 2008
Type: Op-Ed
Deterrence, Missile Defense, and Collateral Damage in the Iranian-Israeli Strategic Relationship
Authored by Dr. W. Andrew Terrill.
Each month a member of the SSI faculty writes an editorial for our monthly newsletter. This is the Op-Ed for the February 2008 newsletter.
Added January 30, 2008
Type: Monograph
Transforming to Effects-Based Operations: Lessons from the United Kingdom Experience
Authored by Dr. Andrew M. Dorman.
The author evaluates the extent to which America’s principal military ally, the United Kingdom, has been able to transition to effects-based operations and the implications this has for the United States.
Added January 25, 2008
Type: Letort Papers
Development and Reform of the Iraqi Police Forces
Authored by Dr. C. Anthony Pfaff.
The author seeks to show how social, political, cultural, and environmental factors have combined to impede Iraqi police development in ways that are predictable, understandable, and, with external help, resolvable.
Added January 24, 2008
Type: Student (Carlisle) Papers
Women in Combat Compendium
Edited by Colonel Michele M. Putko, Dr. Douglas V. Johnson, II.
The topic of Women in Combat has been one of great emotion, but uncertain factual content until recently. The rules created to deal with the fact that women want to serve in the armed forces have ranged from silly to serious, but the factual bases have changed and the plea of all the contributors is to review the entire issue with objectivity and attention to the facts as they exist.
Added January 16, 2008
Type: Book
Pakistan's Nuclear Future: Worries Beyond War
Edited by Mr. Henry D. Sokolski.
After Pakistani President Musharraf imposed a state of emergency in November 2007, the political turmoil that followed raised concerns that Pakistan’s nuclear assets might be vulnerable to diversion or misuse. This volume details precisely what these worries might be.
Added January 15, 2008
Type: Monograph
A Contemporary Challenge to State Sovereignty: Gangs and Other Illicit Transnational Criminal Organizations (TCOs) in Central America, El Salvador, Mexico, Jamaica, and Brazil
Authored by Dr. Max G. Manwaring.
Building on his 2005 monograph, Street Gangs: The New Urban Insurgency, the author answers questions regarding “What are the implications of the gang and other Transnational Criminal Organizations’ assault on stability in the Western Hemisphere?” and “What are the implications of the clash of values between liberal democracy and criminal anarchy?”
Added January 10, 2008
Type: Colloquium Brief
COIN of the Realm: U.S. Counterinsurgency Strategy
Authored by Dr. Steven Metz, Mr. Ralph Wipfli.
Given the wide-ranging and deep impact of counterinsurgency, the participants in the "Future Defense Dilemmas" seminar conducted by The Brookings Institution and the Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army War College, explored two key questions: (1) Is the United States pursuing and executing the right strategy? And (2) Does the military’s focus on counterinsurgency detract from other defense and security needs?
Added January 08, 2008
Type: Book
The Interagency and Counterinsurgency Warfare: Aligning and Integrating Military and Civilian Roles in Stability, Security, Transition, and Reconstruction Operations
Edited by Dr. Joseph R. Cerami, Mr. Jay W. Boggs.
The contemporary challenges underpinning interagency cooperation within the U.S. Government are not entirely new. This monograph addresses the security, stability, transition, and reconstruction missions that place the most pressure on interagency communication and coordination.
Added January 04, 2008
Type: Op-Ed
Intrepidity . . . And Character Development within the Army Profession
Authored by Dr. Don M. Snider.
Each month a member of the SSI faculty writes an editorial for our monthly newsletter. This is the Op-Ed for the January 2008 newsletter.

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