Central Asia

An Unnatural Partnership? The Future of U.S.-India Strategic Cooperation

Author: Dr Samit Ganguly, Dr M Chris Mason As global competition with an increasingly assertive Chinese Government expands, the strategic relationship between India and the United States is assuming ever-greater importance. From a superficial perspective, a strategic partnership seems to make a great deal of sense for both countries. Yet, enormous political, cultural, and structural …

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Assessing the Collective Security Treaty Organization: Capabilities and Vulnerabilities

Author: Dr Richard Weitz Russia has strengthened its military position in Central Asia and the South Caucasus through a combination of bilateral and multilateral initiatives. The Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) has become the most important multilateral defense structure in the former Soviet Union and is an essential instrument in Russia’s resurgence. The CSTO has …

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Unlocking India’s Strategic Potential in Central Asia

Author: Mr Roman Muzalevsky India’s impressive economic growth over the last two and a half decades has brought India’s role and interests to the forefront of global politics and statecraft. Importantly, it has put India into a comparative perspective with China, another aspiring Asian great power poised to stiffen competition for resources and influence worldwide. …

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China’s Rise and Reconfiguration of Central Asia’s Geopolitics: A Case for U.S.

Author: Mr Roman Muzalevsky China’s emergence as a global actor has questioned the position of the United States as the strongest power and the future of the Washington-led global order. To achieve the status of a truly global player wielding influence in all dimensions of power would require China to leverage its regional influence in …

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Reassessing the Barriers to Islamic Radicalization in Kazakhstan

Author: Ms Zhulduz Baizakova, Mr Roger N McDermott Central Asia has been experiencing an increase or activation of radical Islamic movements over the last decade or so. These complex processes include increasing urbanization, institutional and individual corruption, the growing gap between rich and poor, the inability of the state to provide security, corruption in the …

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Russia and the Caspian Sea: Projecting Power or Competing for Influence?

Author: Dr Tracey German This monograph examines Russia’s policy toward the Caspian Sea region as Moscow attempts to counterbalance growing American involvement within what it perceives to be its zone of privileged interest. It focuses on the recent expansion of the Caspian Flotilla and the rationale behind it. Moscow has sought to counterbalance the growing …

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U.S. Military Engagement with Transcaucasia and Central Asia

Author: Dr Stephen J Blank The Clinton administration has proclaimed a strategy to engage and enlarge the democratic community of states. By virtue of their strategic location adjacent to Russia, the Middle East, and Europe s periphery, and their large-scale oil and natural gas deposits, Transcaucasia and Central Asia have become important testing grounds of …

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Opening Pandora’s Box: Ethnicity and Central Asian Militaries

Author: LTC Dianne L Smith The author examines whether ethnic consciousness affects military service and the specific roles played by ethnic groups within the armed forces, or if military institutions affect ethnicity. The Soviets used military service as a tool to break down ethnicity and create a “New Soviet Man.” They failed. Do Central Asian …

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Breaking Away from the Bear

Author: LTC Dianne L Smith Lieutenant Colonel Dianne L. Smith examines the development of post-Soviet Central Asian armed forces, Central Asian efforts to guarantee their national security, and the implications for the United States of this struggle. She cautions that the United States use its influence and its military-to-military contact programs judiciously. This is a …

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Challenges and Options in the Caucasus and Central Asia

Author: Dr Pavel K Baev In April 1997, the U.S. Army War College held its Eighth Annual Strategy Conference. This year’s topic was “Russia’s Future as a World Power.” Dr. Pavel K. Baev, a senior researcher at the International Peace Research Institute in Oslo, Norway, discusses the disintegration of order along Russia’s southern border. Following …

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Energy, Economics, and Security in Central Asia: Russia and Its Rivals

Author: Dr Stephen J Blank The collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 led to the creation of five new states in Central Asia. These states: Kazkahstan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Kyrgyzstan, have become both the object of international rivalries in Central Asia and the sources of new political forces as they act to enlarge …

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