Metz

Decisionmaking In Operation IRAQI FREEDOM: The Strategic Shift of 2007

Author: Dr Steven Metz In this second volume of the series, Dr. Metz looks carefully at the 2007 decision to surge forces into Iraq, a choice which is generally considered to have been effective in turning the tide of the war from potential disaster to possible—perhaps probable—strategic success. Although numerous strategic decisions remain to be …

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Asymmetry and U.S. Military Strategy: Definition, Background, and Strategic Concepts

Author: Dr Douglas V Johnson II, Dr Steven Metz This report gives a simple and comprehensive definition of strategic asymmetry reflecting the need for military doctrine which transcends today’s specific issues. The authors assess the strategic situation of the United States in terms of positive and negative asymmetry and offer five strategic concepts as part …

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American Strategy: Issues and Alternatives for the Quadrennial Defense Review

Author: Dr Steven Metz The combination of a congressionally-mandated Quadrennial Defense Review (QDR), a change of presidents, and shifts in the global security environment will force or allow American strategists to rethink some of the basic elements of U.S. strategy and decide if any changes need to be made. It is vital that the defense …

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Armed Conflict in the 21st Century: The Information Revolution and Post-Modern Warfare

Author: Dr Steven Metz Within the past decade, the U.S. military has implemented a number of programs to assess the changes underway in the global security environment and in the nature of warfare. Defense leaders and thinkers have concluded that revolutionary change is taking place and, if the United States develops appropriate technology, warfighting concepts, …

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Refining American Strategy in Africa

Author: Dr Steven Metz The author provides a broad overview of the African security environment as a basis for recommendations on the refinement of American strategy in that region. He assesses both the opportunities for positive change which exist today, and the obstacles. While only Africans themselves can determine the future of their region, an …

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Nonlethality and American Land Power: Strategic Context and Operational Concepts

Author: Prof Douglas C Lovelace Jr, Dr Steven Metz Nonlethal technology, concepts and doctrine may provide the Army a way to retain its political utility and military effectiveness in a security environment characterized by ambiguity and the glare of world public opinion. To explore this, the Army is undertaking programs and initiatives which may make …

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The United States and the Transformation of African Security: The African Crisis Response Initiative and Beyond

Author: COL Daniel W Henk, Dr Steven Metz Helping Africans develop a capability to avoid or solve their region’s security problems has reemerged recently as an important goal of American strategy, and the African Crisis Response Initiative (ACRI) is its centerpiece. Based on their testimony presented to the Africa Subcommittee of the U.S. House of …

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Strategic Horizons: The Military Implications of Alternative Futures

Author: Dr Steven Metz A year ago the Chief of Staff of the Army initiated the Army After Next Project (AANP) as a means of stimulating constructive thinking about the Army’s future throughout the service. AANP has quickly developed into a primary vehicle for long-range planning. Under the leadership of the Training and Doctrine Command …

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The Strategist and the Web Revisited: An Updated Guide to Internet Resources

Author: LTC James Kievit, Dr Steven Metz Every day of the “Information Age” makes more material available via the Internet. Yet simply “surfing the ‘Net’,” while perhaps enjoyable as recreation, is ill-suited for rapidly locating valid, salient information. This is particularly true for analysts or military professionals seeking to develop strategy, to research national security …

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Reform, Conflict, and Security in Zaire

Author: Dr Steven Metz U.S. foreign policy in Sub-Saharan Africa seeks stability, democracy, and economic development. Despite recent positive trends, it is clear that not all African countries will move in this direction; some will sink into greater violence and misery. In the central part of the continent, Zaire is the linchpin. Because of its …

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The Future of American Landpower: Strategic Challenges for the 21st Century Army

Author: Dr William T Johnsen, Dr Douglas V Johnson II, LTC James Kievit, Prof Douglas C Lovelace Jr, Dr Steven Metz Armies historically have been criticized for preparing for the last war. Since the early 1980s, however, the U.S. Army has broken this pattern and created a force capable of winning the next war. But, …

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The Strategist and the Web: Guide to Internet Resources

Author: LTC James Kievit, Dr Steven Metz Lieutenant Colonel James Kievit and Dr. Steven Metz begin the effort to construct guideposts for strategists to follow. They provide basic information explaining the most important features of the Internet, and a critical review of more than a hundred of the electronic sites most likely to be of …

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Armies and Democracy in the New Africa: Lessons from Nigeria and South Africa

Author: Dr Kent Hughes Butts, Dr Steven Metz In October 1994, the Strategic Studies Institute sponsored a roundtable on democratization in Sub-Saharan Africa. Particular attention was paid to the role the U.S. military and Department of Defense played in democracy support. This study developed from a paper presented at the roundtable. Dr. Butts and Dr. …

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The Principles of War in the 21st Century: Strategic Considerations

Author: Dr William T Johnsen, Dr Douglas V Johnson II, LTC James Kievit, Prof Douglas C Lovelace Jr, Dr Steven Metz For nearly two centuries, the principles of war have guided practitioners of the military art. During the last 55 years the principles of war have been a key element of U.S. Army doctrine, and …

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Strategy and the Revolution in Military Affairs: From Theory to Policy

Author: LTC James Kievit, Dr Steven Metz A small band of “RMA” analysts has emerged in the military and Department of Defense, in the academic strategic studies community, and in defense-related think-tanks and consulting firms. To these analysts, the Gulf War provided a vision of a potential revolution in military affairs (RMA) in which Information …

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American Civil-Military Relations: New Issues, Enduring Problems

Author: Dr Douglas V Johnson II, Dr Steven Metz The authors were invited to prepare a paper for a conference on Civil-Military Relations in the fall, 1994. That paper was translated into an article for the Winter, 1995 edition of The Washington Quarterly under the title “Civil-Military Relations in the United States: The State of …

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Counterinsurgency: Strategy and the Phoenix of American Capability

Author: Dr Steven Metz Dr. Steven Metz argues that the way the Department of Defense and U.S. military spend the time when counterinsurgency support is not an important part of American national security strategy determines how quickly and easily they react when policymakers commit the nation to such activity. If analysis and debate continues, at …

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Disaster and Intervention in Sub-Saharan Africa: Learning from Rwanda

Author: Dr Steven Metz Rwanda’s horrific civil war suggests that human disasters requiring outside intervention will remain common in Sub-Saharan Africa. The American people want a prompt and effective response to human disasters when the United States becomes involved. The Army is taking steps to enhance its demonstrated effectiveness at such operations. Steven Metz examines …

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The Revolution in Military Affairs and Conflict Short of War

Author: LTC James Kievit, Dr Steven Metz The authors concede that the revolution in military affairs holds great promise for conventional, combined-arms warfare, but conclude that its potential value in conflict short of war, whether terrorism, insurgency, or violence associated with narcotrafficking, is not so clear-cut. Given this, national leaders and strategists should proceed cautiously …

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