Middle East

Strategic Insights: Reimagining U.S. Foreign Assistance in the Middle East

Author: Dr Christopher J Bolan U.S. President Donald Trump has proved himself willing to question and challenge many of the conventional wisdoms embedded in contemporary American foreign policies. During his presidential campaign, he questioned the utility of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) that has formed the bedrock of American foreign and security policies throughout …

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Strengthening Statehood Capabilities for Successful Transitions in the Middle East / North Africa Region

Author: Dr Mohammed El-Katiri In this monograph, Dr. Mohammed El-Katiri focuses on the variety of challenges that face reform attempts in the post-revolution Arab countries. He examines underlying factors that have prevented new political elites and post-revolution institutions from successfully implementing essential reforms. He explains how these failures have affected the building of these countries’ …

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The Saudi-Iranian Rivalry and the Future of Middle East Security

Author: Dr W Andrew Terrill Saudi Arabia and Iran have often behaved as serious rivals for influence in the Middle East and especially the Gulf area since at least Iran’s 1979 Islamic Revolution and the 1980-88 Iran-Iraq War. While both nations define themselves as Islamic, the differences between their foreign policies could hardly be more …

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Assessing the Costs of Failure

Author: Dr Stephen C Pelletiere, Prof Shibley Telhami, Mr Lawrence R Velte As of mid-1997, the fate of the Arab-Israeli peace process is dangerously uncertain. Israeli Prime Minister Netanyahu’s decision to begin work on a new Jewish settlement in Jerusalem has so enraged Palestinians that they have effectively walked out of the negotiations. President Clinton …

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Assad and the Peace Process: The Pivotal Role of Lebanon

Author: Dr Stephen C Pelletiere The world is waiting for peace in the Middle East. At present the possibility of a settlement is delayed by differences between Israel and Syria. The two are far apart on how to solve one of the thornier problems of the negotiations–the eventual status of the Golan Heights. That Syria’s …

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Total Force: Federal Reserves and State National Guards

Author: COL Charles E Heller Never before in peacetime has the United States placed so much emphasis and reliance on the Armed Forces’ Reserve Components. Since the Total Force Policy was introduced by Secretary of Defense Melvin Laird in 1970, this dependency has grown even more. The 1990 mobilization for OPERATION DESERT SHIELD and the …

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