NATO

Turkey and the United States on the Brink: Implications for NATO and the US-Turkish Strategic and Military Partnership

Author: Kamal A. Beyoghlow, PhD This monograph analyzes the current political tensions between the United States and Turkey and suggests ways to manage them. The two countries have been strategic allies since at least the end of World War II—Turkey became a North Atlantic Treaty Organization member and participated with its military forces in the …

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Deterrence in the Nordic-Baltic Region: The Role of the Nordic Countries Together With the U.S. Army

Author: Dr Stefan Forss, Juha Pyykönen With enhanced cooperation from the U.S. Army, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization’s Nordic partner nations could combine efforts with each other and with the Alliance to deliver effective and visible regional deterrence against a resurgent Russia in the Nordic-Baltic region. This monograph by two leading Finnish defense academics explores …

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Strategic Insights: Strategic Implications of Brexit

Author: Dr John R Deni The momentous decision of British voters to leave the European Union (EU) is already having major repercussions in both economics and politics. In the former, investors fled uncertainty for more stable opportunities, while in the latter there are already calls for another Scottish independence referendum. In the worlds of defense …

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NATO Cyberspace Capability: A Strategic and Operational Evolution

Author: Mr Jeffrey L Caton The development of cyberspace defense capabilities for the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) has been making steady progress since its formal introduction at the North Atlantic Council Prague Summit in 2002. Bolstered by numerous cyber attacks, such as those in Estonia (2007), Alliance priorities were formalized in subsequent NATO cyber …

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A Transatlantic Bargain for the 21st Century: The United States, Europe, and the Transatlantic Alliance

Author: Dr Ellen Hallams In the 21st century, the transatlantic bargain that has framed the relationship between the United States and its NATO allies is under more scrutiny than ever before. In a changed geopolitical environment, one characterized by the complexity of modern military operations, the growing power of China, and a climate of economic …

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Multinational Land Forces and the NATO Force Structure Review

Author: Dr Thomas-Durell Young Since 1991, standing and mobilization forces made available by nations to NATO have been steadily reduced, particularly in the case of land forces. Equally important have been the structures NATO has created into which national contributions would fall on deployment. Military Committee (MC) 317, accepted by nations in 1991, provides the …

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The Future of the American Military Presence in Europe

Editor: COL Lloyd J Matthews Ten years have elapsed since the fall of the Berlin Wall, which served as a fitting symbol for the end of the Cold War. That historic juncture brought into question the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, which has served Alliance members so well since its founding in 1949. It also brought …

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European Security: Washington’s Shaping Strategy in Action

Author: Dr Stephen J Blank, Dr William T Johnsen, Dr Thomas-Durell Young Notwithstanding the claims of some in the United States, European affairs continue to dominate U.S. foreign policy and strategic thinking. The end of the Cold War has not seen any blurring of the focus of U.S. officials on European affairs. Managing the implications …

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Mediterranean Security into the Coming Millennium

Author: Dr Stephen J Blank The papers included in this volume represent just such an effort to lay a firmer foundation for this continuing dialogue and to bring together different points of view. In October 1998, the Strategic Studies Institute, assisted by Pepperdine University, assembled a distinguished group of analysts from the United States, Europe, …

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Reforming NATO’s Military Structures: The Long-Term Study and Its Implications for Land Forces

Author: Dr Thomas-Durell Young The contemporary debate over the expansion of NATO to include Poland, the Czech Republic, and Hungary has largely overshadowed an important effort on the part of the Alliance to achieve “internal adaptation” through the work of the Long-Term Study. Part of this process has been a tortuous attempt to reform and …

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European Security and NATO Enlargement: A View from Central Europe

Author: Dr Stephen J Blank On August 4-5, 1997, the Strategic Studies Institute (SSI), together with the Reserve Officers Association, cosponsored a conference in Prague on “Eurasian Security in the Era of NATO Enlargement.” In order to clarify fully the emerging security agenda in Europe and hear from member states and other interested parties, SSI …

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Multinational Land Formations and NATO: Reforming Practices and Structures

Author: Dr Thomas-Durell Young The problems Dr. Young grapples with in this account have been exacerbated by a variety of evolving realities stemming from the new, post-Cold War security environment. Reduced national force structures, new NATO roles and missions emanating from the military implementation of Alliance Strategy and the rapid reaction requirements associated with the …

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NATO Enlargement and the Baltic States: What Can the Great Powers Do?

Author: Dr Stephen J Blank NATO’s enlargement has brought it to the borders of the Baltic states who covet membership in NATO. However, admitting them into NATO is one of the most difficult problems for the Alliance because of Russia’s unconditional opposition to such action and because of NATO’s own internal divisions on this issue. …

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Command in NATO After the Cold War: Alliance, National, and Multinational Consideration

Author: Dr Thomas-Durell Young The publication of this compendium could not be more timely as a contribution to the debate which continues in NATO capitals. NATO is an alliance based on consensus. It is also the most effective military alliance in history; this is largely due to the existence of its integrated and multinational command …

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From Madrid to Brussels: Perspectives on NATO Enlargement

Author: Dr Stephen J Blank NATO’s enlargement will be perhaps the most important defense and foreign policy issue of 1997. Certainly, its impact will exert a decisive influence on the future evolution of European security and the institutions that comprise it. This process raises a host of serious issues concerning Europe, not the least being …

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Force, Statecraft and German Unity: The Struggle to Adapt Institutions and Practices

Author: Dr Thomas-Durell Young One can make two general observations concerning Bonn’s ongoing attempt to adapt institutions and practices. First, confusion in German policy making is clearly a manifestation of officials largely navigating in a little-known policy milieu. Realpolitik, let alone Machtpolitik (either as mere terms, let alone as concepts) are neither freely used in …

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U.S. Participation in IFOR: A Marathon, not a Sprint

Author: Dr William T Johnsen The U.S. decision to join the Implementation Force (IFOR) for the General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Hercegovina (familiarly known as the Dayton Accords) marked a crucial milestone toward achieving the U.S. national objective of a lasting political settlement to the conflict in Bosnia. Equally critical will be …

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NATO Strategy in the 1990s: Reaping the Peace Dividend or the Whirlwind?

Author: Dr William T Johnsen Each April the Strategic Studies Institute hosts a conference that addresses key strategic issues facing the Armed Forces and the Nation. This year’s theme, “Strategy During the Lean Years: Learning from the Past and the Present,” brought together scholars, serving and retired military officers, and civilian defense officials from the …

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French Policy Toward NATO: Enhanced Selectivity, Vice Rapprochement

Author: Dr William T Johnsen, Dr Thomas-Durell Young The authors of this report explain how French policy toward NATO has changed since 1992. Importantly, they discuss how these changes have been effected. However, certain key elements of French external policy have not changed. In effect, therefore, the authors argue that while France may wish to …

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