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SSI is the U.S. Army’s institute for geostrategic
and national security research and analysis. 

Trending Today

Jared M. McKinney and Peter Harris, 2021

Deterring a Chinese invasion of Taiwan without recklessly threatening a great-power war is both possible and necessary through a tailored deterrence package that goes beyond either fighting over Taiwan or abandoning it. This article joins cutting-edge understandings of deterrence with empirical evidence of Chinese strategic thinking and culture to build such a strategy. Continue reading the article >>>

W. Andrew Terrill, 2013

The future role of US drones has been the subject of considerable controversy due to their use in remote parts of the world to target individuals designated as terrorists. In his confirmation hearings, Secretary of State John Kerry expressed concerns about overseas perceptions of such activities by stating that, “American foreign policy … Continue reading the article >>>

Charlotte F. Blatt, 2017

This article outlines the contemporary history of sectarian conflict in Iraq and identifies the consequences of the US surge strategy in perpetuating the region’s violence and strengthening the Islamic State.
Continue reading the article >>>

Keir Giles and Mathieu Boulegue, 2019

This article discusses the myths surrounding Russia’s A2/AD capabilities and the risks associated with the current counter A2/AD efforts among NATO countries. It offers recommendations for investing in a stronger defense of the Baltic states and Eastern Europe.
References to Russia’s anti-access/area denial (A2/AD) capabilities are now standard in assessments of America’s ability to protect its allies and its interests in Europe. Unclassified briefings on European military security now …
Continue reading the article >>>

Ben S. Wermeling, 2018

This article presents five scenarios that might result from a Russian coup de main in the Baltic region. The author argues the North Atlantic Treaty Organization should analyze
force capabilities further to ensure Alliance nations can adequately respond if Russia attacks across its border with Estonia and Latvia.
Russia’s annexation of Crimea, involvement in Donbas, and support of the Bashar al-Assad regime in Syria have strained the country’s relations with the West … 
Continue reading the article >>>

Looking Back

Jeffrey Record Dr., 1996

The author takes a fresh look at Japan’s decision for war in 1941, and concludes that it was dictated by Japanese pride and the threatened economic destruction of Japan by the United States. He believes that Japanese aggression in East Asia was the root cause of the Pacific War, but argues that the road to war in 1941 was built on American as well as Japanese miscalculations and that both sides suffered from cultural ignorance and racial arrogance. He finds that the Americans underestimated the role of fear and honor in Japanese calculations and overestimated the effectiveness of economic … Continue reading the article >>>

David W. Hogan Jr., 1995

To begin a study of American theater-level organization and conduct of special operations in the war with Japan, one can consider two images. First, picture native stevedores at a port in the occupied Philippines unloading, under cover of darkness, crates of cigarettes, matches, chewing gum, candy bars, sewing kits, and pencils from a huge cargo submarine, each item bearing the inscription “I shall return” over a facsimile of the signature of General Douglas MacArthur. Then imagine Lieutenant General Joseph W. Stilwell at lunch with members of his … Continue reading the article >>>

J. Overton, 2003
While US Army Technical Sergeant James Gordon Deaton was suffering frostbite and German shelling in surrounded Bastogne, Belgium, his high school class ring was in the tropical Pacific Theater with the Marines. Deaton had loaned the ring, from Tennessee’s Carter High School, class of 1940, to the man who would become his brother-in-law, Lee Burnette. Before the United States entered World War II, Deaton and Burnette had gone together to enlist in the Navy, but Deaton was turned down because of color-blindness. Burnett was assigned to the battleship Oklahoma. Sometime in 1941 he lost the ring in a shipboard dice game. Continue reading the article >>>

Of Interest

Venezuela: Understanding political, external, and criminal actors in an authoritarian State
By Evan Ellis.
This publication is possible thanks to a collaboration between the
Strategic Studies Institute and the Peruvian Army Center for Strategic Studies.

The predictable triumph by Maduro loyalists in Venezuela’s rigged November 2021 elections was a symbolic nail in the coffin for the attempt by the de jure government of Juan Guaido to restore the more ...
Article
American Shift to China Both Opportunity and Peril for US Mideast Allies
Pentagon recommends shifting military resources to the Indo-Pacific region.
The American policy of redirecting its attention to the “China challenge” and the Indo-Pacific region, while reducing its presence elsewhere – including in the Middle East – will continue, according to what is known of the US Department of Defense’s Global Posture Review (GPR) whose completion was announced on Monday.
Article
Cyber Attacks on Critical Infrastructure
By Dr. Sarah Lohmann
Cyber Attacks on Critical Infrastructure, August 2021
Black Sea Cybersecurity Conference hosted by Constanta Maritime University, BSCySEC-2021 Conference – Section 6 – Energy Cybersecurity Pandemic Threats. Watch/listen to Dr. Lohman's contribution beginning at 18:00.
Video
America needs a permanent military presence in the Baltics, and here’s why
By John R. Deni
With the Defense Department weighing whether and how to change the U.S. military footprint overseas, it’s time to make the American military presence in the Baltic states durable. Maintaining merely periodic American boots on the ground, sometimes there and sometimes not — especially while a more permanent U.S. presence takes shape in nearby Poland — sends the wrong message...
Article
KCIS 2021: In Case of Emergency - The Military's Role in the Pandemic and Future Crises, Oct 25-28th 2021
KCIS 2021 will incorporate lessons learned to strengthen national emergency resilience moving forward. This conference also provides an opportunity to reassess allied threat assessments, asking which vulnerabilities have been made more salient by this global crisis.
Conference
Chinese engagement in Latin America and Europe: Comparisons and Interdependencies
By Evan Ellis.
This publication is possible thanks to a collaboration between the
Strategic Studies Institute and the Peruvian Army Center for Strategic Studies.

This paper examines Chinese commercial, political, and security engagement with Latin America and the Caribbean, comparing it with similar engagement in Europe. It finds evidence that PRC engagement globally is driven by a strategy focused ...
Publication
As India’s Physical Borders Quiet Down, Its Virtual Ones Are Under Siege
By Sumit Ganguly and Carol Evans
Cyberattacks from China are on the rise, but the United States can help.
India has recently made news by agreeing to cease-fires at two of its disputed borders: one with China and one with Pakistan. But that doesn’t mean ...
Article
Germany Has a Math Problem,
and It’s about to Get Worse
By Dr. Sarah Lohmann
What the numbers say about the energy landscape. In this traditional state of Bavaria where election banners offering defense of “Heimat” (Homeland) seized the day in the last election, the posters wedged between ancient church domes on cobblestone streets now tout pictures of wind ...
Article
Just released:

Framing the Future of the US Military Profession

Richard A. Lacquement, Jr. Thomas P. Galvin
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USAWC Quarterly Journal, "Parameters:
Winter 2021–22, vol.51 no.4"




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Study of Internal Conflict
Research and analysis by SSI professors, USAWC faculty and students, and research assistants into the causes and outcomes of internal conflicts since 1945 as part of the ongoing Study of Internal Conflict (SOIC). Research and analysis will also include topics in Unconventional and Irregular Warfare.
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A Hard Look at Hard Power: Assessing the Defense Capabilities of Key US Allies and Security Partners—Second Edition
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Security Threats, American Pressure, and the Role of Key Personnel: How NATO’s Defence Planning Process is Alleviating the Burden-Sharing Dilemma
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Call for Papers
Strategic Landpower Symposium
10-12 May 2022
US Army Heritage Education Center
Carlisle, PA
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WORKING PAPERS — INDOPACOM
This section contains working papers of the 2019-2020 US Army War College Integrated Research Project on the Indo-Pacific Region.
Each Working Paper will be a product of the USAWC INDOPACOM Project on Theater Design and represents the judgment of project researchers at the time of publication.
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Mission Command of Multi-Domain Operations
This research monograph explores the Army’s emerging concept of multi-domain operations and its implications on the mission command approach. The transition to multi-domain operations changes the traditional view of how Army commanders and staffs conduct operations in the physical environment to include simultaneously operations in the information environment.
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Key Strategic Issues List (KSIL) 2021-2022
The Key Strategic Issues List (KSIL), developed by the US Army War College, in collaboration with many other organizations and institutions, helps the Army bring to bear considerable research and analysis capabilities on the most important challenges to the defense of our Nation. The KSIL presents over two hundred key strategic issues to guide these efforts. Those conducting research through Senior Service Colleges and Fellows programs, as well as other researchers, are strongly encouraged to take on the difficult issues listed below.
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Integrated Research Projects (IRPs)

Every academic year (AY), the Commandant of the US Army War College commissions Integrated Research Projects (IRPs) to conduct intensive study on the Army’s top priority strategic issues. An IRP research team consists of subject matter expert faculty members and select resident students who engage in strategic research and analysis on each issue.

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