SSI

Search Results for: colin s gray

What Should the U.S. Army Learn From History? Recovery From a Strategy Deficit

Author: Dr Colin S Gray Does history repeat itself? This monograph clearly answers “no,” firmly. However, it does not argue that an absence of repetition in the sense of analogy means that history can have no utility for the soldier today. This monograph argues for a “historical parallelism,” in place of shaky or false analogy. …

What Should the U.S. Army Learn From History? Recovery From a Strategy Deficit Read More »

Thucydides Was Right: Defining the Future Threat

Author: Dr Colin S Gray To define future threat is, in a sense, an impossible task, yet it is one that must be done. The only sources of empirical evidence accessible are the past and the present; one cannot obtain understanding about the future from the future. The author draws upon the understanding of strategic …

Thucydides Was Right: Defining the Future Threat Read More »

Always Strategic: Jointly Essential Landpower

Author: Dr Colin S Gray View the Executive Summary American Landpower is a strategic instrument of state policy and needs to be considered as such. This monograph explores and explains the nature of Landpower, both in general terms and also with particular regard to the American case. The monograph argues that: (1) Landpower is unique …

Always Strategic: Jointly Essential Landpower Read More »

Defense Planning for National Security: Navigation Aids for the Mystery Tour

Author: Dr Colin S Gray View the Executive Summary The challenge that is defense planning includes: “educated futurology” and the humanities as methodological approaches; futurists and scenarios, trend spotting and defense analysis; the impossibility of science in studying the future; the impossibility of verification by empirical testing of hypotheses; the value of the humanities which …

Defense Planning for National Security: Navigation Aids for the Mystery Tour Read More »

Making Strategic Sense of Cyber Power: Why the Sky Is Not Falling

Author: Dr Colin S Gray View the Executive Summary Cyber is now recognized as an operational domain, but the theory that should explain it strategically is, for the most part, missing. It is one thing to know how to digitize; it is quite another to understand what digitization means strategically. The author maintains that, although …

Making Strategic Sense of Cyber Power: Why the Sky Is Not Falling Read More »

Categorical Confusion? The Strategic Implications of Recognizing Challenges Either as Irregular or Traditional

Author: Dr Colin S Gray Strategic theory should educate to enable effective strategic practice, but much of contemporary theory promotes confusion, not clarity, of suitable understanding. A little strategic theory goes a long way, at least it does if it is austere and focused on essentials. Unfortunately, contemporary strategic conceptualization in the U.S. defense community …

Categorical Confusion? The Strategic Implications of Recognizing Challenges Either as Irregular or Traditional Read More »

Hard Power and Soft Power: The Utility of Military Force as an Instrument of Policy in the 21st Century

Author: Dr Colin S Gray Power is one of the more contestable concepts in political theory. In recent decades, scholars and commentators have chosen to distinguish between two kinds of power, “hard” and “soft.” The former is achieved through military threat or use, and by means of economic menace or reward. The latter is the …

Hard Power and Soft Power: The Utility of Military Force as an Instrument of Policy in the 21st Century Read More »

Schools for Strategy: Teaching Strategy for 21st Century Conflict

Author: Dr Colin S Gray All would-be strategists would benefit by some formal education. However, for education in strategy to be well-directed, it needs to rest upon sound assumptions concerning the eternal nature yet ever shifting character, meaning, and function of strategy, as well as the range of behaviors required for effective strategic performance. The …

Schools for Strategy: Teaching Strategy for 21st Century Conflict Read More »

After Iraq: The Search for a Sustainable National Security Strategy

Author: Dr Colin S Gray A sustainable national security strategy is feasible only when directed by a sustainable national security policy. In the absence of policy guidance, strategy will be meaningless. The only policy that meets both the mandates of American culture and the challenges of the outside world is one that seeks to lead …

After Iraq: The Search for a Sustainable National Security Strategy Read More »

The Implications of Preemptive and Preventive War Doctrines: A Reconsideration

Author: Dr Colin S Gray Preemption and prevention are different concepts. To preempt is to attempt to strike first against an enemy who is in the process of preparing, or is actually launching, an attack against you. Preemption is not controversial. The decision for war has been taken out of your hands. Prevention, however, is …

The Implications of Preemptive and Preventive War Doctrines: A Reconsideration Read More »

Irregular Enemies and the Essence of Strategy: Can the American Way of War Adapt?

Author: Dr Colin S Gray The author offers a detailed comparison between the character of irregular warfare, insurgency in particular, and the principal enduring features of “the American way.” He concludes that there is a serious mismatch between that “way” and the kind of behavior that is most effective in countering irregular foes. The author …

Irregular Enemies and the Essence of Strategy: Can the American Way of War Adapt? Read More »

Recognizing and Understanding Revolutionary Change in Warfare: The Sovereignty of Context

Author: Dr Colin S Gray The author provides a critical audit of the great RMA debate and of some actual RMA behavior and warns against a transformation that is highly potent only in a narrow range of strategic cases. He warns that the military effectiveness of a process of revolutionary change in a “way of …

Recognizing and Understanding Revolutionary Change in Warfare: The Sovereignty of Context Read More »

Transformation and Strategic Surprise

Author: Dr Colin S Gray The current process of military transformation will enable the Armed Forces to do better what they already do superbly well. It is important to excel at decisive maneuver and in the application of precise, yet overwhelming firepower. But those attributes, though key in warfare against regular enemies, tend to be …

Transformation and Strategic Surprise Read More »

Maintaining Effective Deterrence

Author: Dr Colin S Gray While deterrence is as old as human conflict itself, it became particularly important with the advent of nuclear weapons when armed conflict between the superpowers had the potential to end civilization. Today there is a sense that terrorism has rendered deterrence obsolete and forced the United States to substitute preemption …

Maintaining Effective Deterrence Read More »

Challenges in Using Scenario

About the AuthorDr. Michael Fitzsimmons Also by the Author:Scenario Planning and Strategy in the Pentagon Strategic Insights: Challenges in Using Scenario Planning for Defense Strategy January 30, 2018 | Dr. Michael Fitzsimmons Lawrence Freedman and Colin Gray are two of the most famous contemporary scholars of military strategy. Within the past few years, each published …

Challenges in Using Scenario Read More »

Strategic Insights: Challenges in Using Scenario Planning for Defense Strategy

Dr. Michael Fitzsimmons Lawrence Freedman and Colin Gray are two of the most famous contemporary scholars of military strategy. Within the past few years, each published a book addressing different aspects of the same practical problem of strategy: defense planning.1 Considered to be strategy’s mundane cousin, defense planning revolves around how a nation designs its …

Strategic Insights: Challenges in Using Scenario Planning for Defense Strategy Read More »

Strategy Education Across the Professional Military Education Enterprise

Colonel John C. Valledor We can find plenty to read and study on the subject of leadership; in fact, there is a veritable mountain of studies, essays, and books explaining how to build leaders. Not so if one wants to build (or become) a strategist.                                                                                        General John Galvin1 Emerging Realities and the Education of …

Strategy Education Across the Professional Military Education Enterprise Read More »

Strategic Landpower Task Force Research Report

Dr. Steven Metz Acknowledgement.        The author would like to thank Frank Hoffman of the National Defense University for major contributions to this report.   Introduction.         The 21st-century security environment compels the United States to develop more effective and efficient ways to promote its national interests. This includes refining methods for developing and …

Strategic Landpower Task Force Research Report Read More »