Search Results for: colin s gray

What Should the U.S. Army Learn From History? Recovery From a Strategy Deficit

Author: Dr Colin S Gray Does history repeat itself? This monograph clearly answers “no,” firmly. However, it does not argue that an absence of repetition in the sense of analogy means that history can have no utility for the soldier today. This monograph argues for a “historical parallelism,” in place of shaky or false analogy. …

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Thucydides Was Right: Defining the Future Threat

Author: Dr Colin S Gray To define future threat is, in a sense, an impossible task, yet it is one that must be done. The only sources of empirical evidence accessible are the past and the present; one cannot obtain understanding about the future from the future. The author draws upon the understanding of strategic …

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Always Strategic: Jointly Essential Landpower

Author: Dr Colin S Gray View the Executive Summary American Landpower is a strategic instrument of state policy and needs to be considered as such. This monograph explores and explains the nature of Landpower, both in general terms and also with particular regard to the American case. The monograph argues that: (1) Landpower is unique …

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Defense Planning for National Security: Navigation Aids for the Mystery Tour

Author: Dr Colin S Gray View the Executive Summary The challenge that is defense planning includes: “educated futurology” and the humanities as methodological approaches; futurists and scenarios, trend spotting and defense analysis; the impossibility of science in studying the future; the impossibility of verification by empirical testing of hypotheses; the value of the humanities which …

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Making Strategic Sense of Cyber Power: Why the Sky Is Not Falling

Author: Dr Colin S Gray View the Executive Summary Cyber is now recognized as an operational domain, but the theory that should explain it strategically is, for the most part, missing. It is one thing to know how to digitize; it is quite another to understand what digitization means strategically. The author maintains that, although …

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Categorical Confusion? The Strategic Implications of Recognizing Challenges Either as Irregular or Traditional

Author: Dr Colin S Gray Strategic theory should educate to enable effective strategic practice, but much of contemporary theory promotes confusion, not clarity, of suitable understanding. A little strategic theory goes a long way, at least it does if it is austere and focused on essentials. Unfortunately, contemporary strategic conceptualization in the U.S. defense community …

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Hard Power and Soft Power: The Utility of Military Force as an Instrument of Policy in the 21st Century

Author: Dr Colin S Gray Power is one of the more contestable concepts in political theory. In recent decades, scholars and commentators have chosen to distinguish between two kinds of power, “hard” and “soft.” The former is achieved through military threat or use, and by means of economic menace or reward. The latter is the …

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Schools for Strategy: Teaching Strategy for 21st Century Conflict

Author: Dr Colin S Gray All would-be strategists would benefit by some formal education. However, for education in strategy to be well-directed, it needs to rest upon sound assumptions concerning the eternal nature yet ever shifting character, meaning, and function of strategy, as well as the range of behaviors required for effective strategic performance. The …

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After Iraq: The Search for a Sustainable National Security Strategy

Author: Dr Colin S Gray A sustainable national security strategy is feasible only when directed by a sustainable national security policy. In the absence of policy guidance, strategy will be meaningless. The only policy that meets both the mandates of American culture and the challenges of the outside world is one that seeks to lead …

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The Implications of Preemptive and Preventive War Doctrines: A Reconsideration

Author: Dr Colin S Gray Preemption and prevention are different concepts. To preempt is to attempt to strike first against an enemy who is in the process of preparing, or is actually launching, an attack against you. Preemption is not controversial. The decision for war has been taken out of your hands. Prevention, however, is …

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